Breast MRI pp 135-169 | Cite as

Breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging Acquisition Protocols


Breast MRI protocols can be divided into image acquisition protocols and image post-processing protocols. Image acquisition protocols should be designed to collect all necessary diagnostic data while minimizing patient scan time. This chapter is devoted to a detailed discussion of image acquisition protocols. Image post-processing protocols are described in Chapter 10.


Parallel Imaging Total Imaging Time Image Acquisition Protocol Spatial Resolution Requirement Speed Image Acquisition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Heywang SH, Hahn D, Schmidt H, et al. MR imaging of the breast using Gd-DTPA. J. Comput. Assist. Tomogr. 1986; 10: 615–620.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Heywang SH, Bassermann R, Fenzl G, et al. MRI of the breast: histopathologic correlation. Eur J Radiol 1987; 7: 175–182.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Heywang-Koebrunner SH, Haustein J, Pohl C, et al. Contrast-enhanced MRI of the breast: comparison of two dosages. Radiology 1994; 191: 639–646.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Runge VM, Nelson KL. Contrast agents. In DD Stark and WG Bradley, eds. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 3rd Edition. St. Louis: C. V. Mosby Publishing Co., 1999, 257–275.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Harms SE, Flamig DP, Hensley KL, et al. MR imaging of the breast with rotating delivery of excitation off-resonance: clinical experience with pathologic correlation. Radiology 1993; 187: 493–501.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Harms SE. Staging for breast cancer treatment. In DD Stark and WG Bradley, eds. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 3rd Edition. St. Louis: C.V. Mosby Publishing Co., 1999; 321–333.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bootes C, Barentsz JO, Mus RD, et al. MR characterization of suspicious breast lesions with a gadolinium-enhanced turbo-FLASH subtraction technique. Radiology 1994; 193: 777–781.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kuhl CK, Mielcarek P, Klaschik S, et al. Dynamic breast MR imaging: are signal intensity time course data useful for differential diagnosis of enhancing lesions? Radiology 1999; 211: 101–110.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Edelstein WA, Glover GH, Hardy CJ, et al. The intrinsic signal-to-noise ratio in NMR imaging. Magn. Reson. Med. 1986; 3: 604–618.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Haacke EM, Brown RW, Thompson MR, et al Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Physical Principles and Sequence Design. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1999, p. 378.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Friedman PD, Swaminathan SV, Herman K, et al. Breast MRI: the importance of bilateral imaging. AJR 2006; 187: 345–349.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mahfouz AE, Sherif H, Saad A, et al. Gadolinium-enhanced MR angiography of the breast: is breast cancer associated with ipsilateral higher vascularity. Eur Radiol 2001; 11: 965–969.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sardanelli F, Iozzelli A, Fausto A, et al. Gadobenate dimeglumine – enhanced MR imaging breast vascular maps: association between invasive cancer and ipsilateral increased vascularity. Radiology 2005; 235: 791–797.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Fischer U, Kopka L, Grabbe E. Breast carcinoma: effect of preoperative contrast-enhanced MR imaging on the therapeutic approach. Radiology 1999; 213; 881–888.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Liberman L, Morris EA, Kim CM, et al. MR imaging findings in the contralateral breast of women with recently diagnosed breast cancer. Am. J. Roentgenol., 2003; 180: 333–341.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lee, S.G., et al., MR imaging screening of the contralateral breast in patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer: preliminary results. Radiology, 2003. 226(3): p. 773–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lehman, C.D., et al., Added cancer yield of MRI in screening the contralateral breast of women recently diagnosed with breast cancer: results from the International Breast Magnetic Resonance Consortium (IBMC) trial. J Surg Oncol, 2005. 92(1): p. 9–15; discussion 15–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Slanetz, P.J., et al., Occult contralateral breast carcinoma incidentally detected by breast magnetic resonance imaging. Breast J, 2002. 8(3): p. 145–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Viehweg, P., et al., MR imaging of the contralateral breast in patients after breast-conserving therapy. Eur Radiol, 2004. 14(3): p. 402–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lehman CD, Gatsonis C, Kuhl CK, Hendrick RE, Pisano ED, et al. MRI evaluation of the contralateral breast in women with recently diagnosed breast cancer. N Engl J Med 2007; 356:1295–1303.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Dietrich O, Nikolaou K, Wintersperger BJ, et al. iPAT: Application for fast and cardiovascular MR imaging. Electromedica 2002; 70: 133–145.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Glockner JF, Houchun HH, Stanley DW, et al. Parallel imaging: a user’s guide. Radiographics 2005; 25: 1279–1297.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Hendrick RE, Haake EM. Basic physics of contrast agents and maximization of image contrast. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 1993; 3: 137–148.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Frahm J, Haenicke W. Rapid scan techniques. In DD Stark and WG Bradley, eds. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 3rd ed. St. Louis: C.V. Mosby Publishing Co., 1999; 87–124.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Rausch D, Hendrick RE. How to optimize clinical breast MR imaging practices and techniques on your 1.5 T system. RadioGraphics 2006; 26:1469–1484.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kuhl CK, Schild HH, Morakkabati N. Dynamic bilateral contrast-enhanced MR imaging of the breast: trade-off between spatial and temporal resolution. Radiology 2005; 236: 789–800.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Perman WH, Heiberg EV, Herrmann VM. Half-Fourier, three-dimensional technique for dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging of both breasts and axillae: initial characterization of breast lesions. Radiology 1996; 200: 263–269.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Frahm J, Haenicke W. Rapid scan techniques. In: Stark DD, Bradley WG, eds. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 3rd edition. New York: C.V. Mosby Publishing, 1999: 87–124.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Hutchinson M, Raff U. Fast MRI data acquisition using multiple detectors. Magn. Reson. Med. 1988; 6: 87–91.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Carlson JW, Minemura T. Imaging time reduction through multiple receiver coil data acquisition and image reconstruction. Magn. Reson. Med. 1993; 29: 681–687.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Pruessmann KP, Weiger M, Scheidegger MP, et al. SENSE: sensitivity encoding for fast MRI. Magn. Reson. Med. 1999; 42: 952–962.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Personalised recommendations