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Creating Productive Learning Environments in Culturally Pluralistic Classrooms

  • Revathy Kumar
  • Stuart A. Karabenick
Part of the Springer International Handbooks of Education book series (SIHE, volume 21)

Recent technological advances and changing economic conditions have prompted significant population shifts from developing countries in Latin America, Asia, Africa and the Middle East to Western nations — including the United States. The receiving nations' resultant increase in demographic heterogeneity has raised serious concerns regarding how such immigration affects the schools and institutions of higher education, since it is these institutions that face the challenging task of preparing individuals to adapt to more culturally and socially complex societies (Cushner, 1998). In this chapter we examine the current status of multicultural education — a response of Western countries in general, and of the United States in particular — to meeting the needs of culturally diverse student populations. We then draw on social identity theory as a framework for understanding inter-group interactions in schools. Finally, we examine achievement goal theory, a social cognitive approach to motivation, which suggests ways to transform school and classroom cultures so that they promote inter-group harmony and support the learning and development of all students.

Keywords

Social Identity Prospective Teacher Social Identity Theory Multicultural Education Goal Structure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Revathy Kumar
    • 1
  • Stuart A. Karabenick
    • 2
  1. 1.Judith Herb College of EducationThe University of ToledoToledo
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MichiganYpsilanti

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