The Importance of Information Technology Attitudes and Competencies in Primary and Secondary Education
Although the Second Information Technology in Education Study confirmed a rapid improvement in the student-computer ratios at all levels of education during the late 1990s worldwide, the study also showed that the actual integration of computers in classrooms remained limited (Pelgrum and Anderson, 1999).
Only about one-third of US teachers used computers on a regular basis at the end of the twentieth century, although the majority had computers in their classrooms (Becker et al., 1999).
Even as of 2006, in only 10 of 32 countries studied by the Program of International Student Assessment did students report using computers frequently (a few times per week or more) in spite of the fact that more than 90% had access to computers in school (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, 2005, as reported by Voogt, 2008).
KeywordsSecondary Education Technology Integration International Handbook Classroom Technology Computer Assist Learn
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