Complications of Botulinum Toxin

  • Deborshi Roy
  • Neil S. Sadick


Botulinum toxin is a powerful medication that has been used to treat various conditions for over two decades. In the last few years, there has been an explosion in the use of this drug for cosmetic purposes. While millions have benefited from the therapeutic effects of botulinum toxin, many have experienced complications. For the neophyte clinician or casual user, technique-related complications are more common. For those who treat a large number of patients or use large volumes, systemic reactions can become more common. In this chapter, the mechanisms, treatment options, and strategies for avoiding the complications of botulinum toxin therapy will be discussed.


Botulinum Toxin Cervical Dystonia Botulinum Toxin Type Frontalis Muscle Botulinum Toxin Therapy 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deborshi Roy
    • 1
  • Neil S. Sadick
    • 2
  1. 1.New YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of DermatologyWeill Medical College of Cornell UniversityNew YorkUSA

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