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Cell Motility pp 177-206 | Cite as

Hydrodynamics and Rheology of Active Polar Filaments

  • Tanniemola B. Liverpool
  • M. Cristina Marchetti
Part of the Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering book series (BIOMEDICAL)

Summary

The cytoskeleton provides eukaryotic cells with mechanical support and helps them perform their biological functions. It is a network of semiflexible polar protein filaments and many accessory proteins that bind to these filaments, regulate their assembly, link them to organelles and continuously remodel the network. Here we review recent theoretical work that aims to describe the cytoskeleton as a polar continuum driven out of equilibrium by internal chemical reactions. This work uses methods from soft condensed matter physics and has led to the formulation of a general framework for the description of the structure and rheology of active suspension of polar filaments and molecular motors.

Keywords

Hydrodynamic Equation Active Suspension Smoluchowski Equation Alignment Tensor Rotational Current 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tanniemola B. Liverpool
    • 1
  • M. Cristina Marchetti
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsUniversity of Bristol, University WalkBristolUK
  2. 2.Physics DepartmentSyracuse UniversitySyracuseUSA

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