Advertisement

On the Development of a Low-Cost Compact Planar Integrated-Circuit Sampling Receiver for UWB Sytems

  • Jeongwoo Han
  • Rui Xu
  • Cam Nguyen

Ultra-wideband (UWB) impulse radar and communication systems, which employ video (baseband) pulse as the transmitting signal [1]-[9], are attractive for various applications, such as pavement assessment, bridge-deck inspection, geophysical explorations, collision avoidance, fluid level sensing, detection and classification of unexploded ordnance (UXO) and land-mines, and short-range in-building communications, e.g. [10], [11]

Sampling receivers are a critical part in these UWB systems. For instance, in UWB impulse radars, such as subsurface penetrating radar, sub-sampling of the received signal by a sampling receiver is needed to extract detected information. Synchronous sampling (or equivalent-time sampling) receiver is commonly used in UWB systems due to its simple and compact structure. The synchronous sampling method has been widely used in electro-optic sampling technique to down-convert RF signal or reproduce fast transient signals on a large time scale [12]. Another application of samling receivers are for microwave instrumentation such as network analyzers, frequency counters and digitizing oscilloscopes [13]-[19]. In this application, the sampling mixer is used for sub-sampling of a fast transient signal to recover it on a large time scale and for down-conversion of a continuous-wave signal. Solid-state millimeter-wave and electro-optic samplers, which are able to sub-sample picosecond transient signals, have been developed for instruments operating in the millimeter-wave band [20]-[24]. The sampling receivers for UWB applications particularly require low conversion loss and high dynamic range because of their direct conversion operation.

Keywords

Pulse Repetition Frequency Microwave Theory Conversion Gain Conversion Loss Impulse Radar 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

5. References

  1. 1.
    J. S. Lee and C. Nguyen, “A low-cost uniplanar sampling down-converter with internal local oscillator, pulse generator, and IF amplifier,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techn., vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 390-392, Feb. 2001.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. S. Lee, C. Nguyen and T. Scullion, “Impulse ground penetrating radar for nondestructive evaluation of pavements,” in 2002 IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Dig., 2002, pp. 1361-1363.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Abuasaker and G. Kompa, “A high sensitive receiver for baseband pulse microwave radar sensor using hybrid technology,” in 2002 Proc. IEEE Radar Conference, 2002, pp. 121-124.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. D. Taylor and E. C. Kisenwether. “Ultra-wideband radar receivers,” in Introduction to Ultra-Wideband Radar Systems, J. D. Taylor, Ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 1995, Chapter 10, pp. 491-577.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. J. Daniels, Surface-Penetrating Radar. London, U.K.: IEE, 1996, Chapter 5, pp. 104-119.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. Azevedo and T. E. McEwan, “Micropower impulse radar,” Science & Tech. Review, pp. 17-29, Jan./Feb. 1996.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. M. Akos and J. B. Y. Tsui, “Design and implementation of a direct digitization GPS receiver front end,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techn., vol. 44, no. 12, pp. 2334-2339, Dec. 1996.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. Pärssinen, R. Magoon, S. I. Long, and V. Porra, “A 2-GHz subharmonic sampler for signal downconversion,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techn., vol. 45, no. 12, pp. 2344-2351, Dec. 1997.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. Han and C. Nguyen, “Integrated balanced sampling circuit for ultra-wideband communications and radar systems,” IEEE Microwave Wireless Compon. Lett., vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 460-462, Oct. 2004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    R. J. Fontana. (2000, May). “Recent applications of ultra wideband radar and communications systems,” in Ultra-Wideband, Short-Pulse Electromagnetics 5, P. D. Smith and S. R. Cloude, Ed. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 2002, pp. 225-234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Time Domain Corp., AL. PulsON Technology: Time modulated ultra-wideband for wireless applications.[Online].Available:http://www.timedomain.com/Files/downloads/techpapers/PulsONoverview.pdf.
  12. 12.
    M. Kamegawa, K. Giboney, J. Karin, S. Allen, M. Case, R. Yu, M. J. W. Rodwell, and J. E. Bowers, “Picosecond GaAs monolithic optoelectronic sampling circuit,” IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett., vol. 3, no. 6, Jun. 1991, pp. 567-569.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    W. M. Grove, “Sampling for oscilloscopes and other RF systems: DC through X-band,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techn., vol. MTT-14, no. 12, pp. 629-635, Dec. 1966.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. Merkelo and R.D. Hall, “Broad-band thin-film signal sampler,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. SC-7, no. 1, pp. 50-54, Feb. 1972.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. Bologlu, “A 26.5-GHz automatic frequency counter with enhanced dynamic range,” Hewlett-Packard J., pp. 20-22, Apr. 1980.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    B. E. Gilchrist, R. D. Fildes, and J. G. Galli, “The use of sampling techniques for miniaturized microwave synthesis applications,” in 1982 IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Dig., 1982, pp. 431-433.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    S. E. Moore, B. E. Gilchrist, and J. G. Galli, “Microwave sampling effective for ultrabroadband frequency conversion,” MSN & CT, pp. 113-126, Feb. 1986.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    S. R. Gibson, “Gallium arsenide lowers cost and improves performance of microwave counters,” Hewlett-Packard J., pp. 4-10, Feb. 1986.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    K. Madani and C. S. Aitchison, “A 20 GHz microwave sampler,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techn., vol. 40, no. 10, pp. 1960-1963, Oct. 1992.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    R. A. Marsland, V. Valdivia, C. J. Madden, M. J. W. Rodwell, and D. M. Bloom, “130 GHz GaAs monolithic integrated circuit sampling head,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 55, no. 6, pp. 592-594, Aug. 1989.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. S. Shakouri, A. Black, B. A. Auld, and D. M. Bloom, “500 GHz GaAs MMIC sampling wafer probe,” Electron. Lett., vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 557-558, Mar. 1993.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    K. J. Weingarten, M. J. W. Rodwell, and D. M. Bloom, “Picosecond optical sampling of GaAs integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 198-220, Feb. 1988.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    M. J. W. Rodwell, M. kamegawa, R. Yu, M. Case, E. Carman, and K. S. Giboney, “GaAs nonlinear transmission lines for picosecond pulse generation and millimeter-wave sampling,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techn., vol. 39, no. 7, pp. 1194-1204, Jul. 1991.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Y. Konishi, M. Kamegawa, M. Case, R. Yu, S. T. Allen, and M. J. W. Rodwell, “A broadband free-space millimeter-wave vector transmission measurement system,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techn., vol. 42, no. 7, pp. 1131-1139, Jul. 1994.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    J.W. Han and C. Nguyen, “Coupled-Slotline-Hybrid Sampling Mixer Integrated with Step-Recovery-Diode Pulse Generator for UWB Applications,” IEEE Trans. on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. MTT-53, no. 6, June 2005, pp. 1875-1882.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    J.W. Han, R. Xu and C. Nguyen, “Development of a Low-Cost, Compact Planar Synchronous Receiver for UWB Systems,” IEEE AP-S International Symposium & USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, Albuquerque, New Mexico, July 9-14, 2006Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    S. Hamilton and R. Hall, “Shunt-mode harmonic generation using step recovery diodes,” Microwave Journal, pp. 69-78, Apr. 1967.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    J. Han and C. Nguyen, “A new ultra-wideband, ultra-short monocycle pulse generator with reduced ringing,” IEEE Microwave Wireless Compon. Lett., vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 206-208, Jun. 2002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    W. M. Grove, “Sampling for oscilloscopes and other RF systems: DC through X-band,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techn., vol. MTT-14, no. 12, pp. 629-635, Dec. 1966.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeongwoo Han
    • 1
  • Rui Xu
    • 2
  • Cam Nguyen
    • 2
  1. 1.Danam Systems, Inc.South Korea
  2. 2.Texas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA

Personalised recommendations