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Resilience-Based Stewardship: Strategies for Navigating Sustainable Pathways in a Changing World

  • F. Stuart ChapinIII
  • Gary P. Kofinas
  • Carl Folke
  • Stephen R. Carpenter
  • Per Olsson
  • Nick Abel
  • Reinette Biggs
  • Rosamond L. Naylor
  • Evelyn Pinkerton
  • D. Mark Stafford (Smith)
  • Will Steffen
  • Brian Walker
  • Oran R. Young

Abstract

Accelerated global changes in climate, environment, and social-ecological systems demand a transformation in human perceptions of our place in nature and patterns of resource use. The biology and culture of Homo sapiens evolved for about 95% of our species’ history in hunting-and-gathering societies before the emergence of settled agriculture. We have lived in complex societies for about 3%, and in industrial societies using fossil fuels for about 0.1% of our history. The pace of cultural evolution, including governance arrangements and resource-use patterns, appears insufficient to adjust to the rate and magnitude of technological innovations, human population increases, and environmental impacts that have occurred. Many of these changes are accelerating, causing unsustainable exploitation of ecosystems, including many boreal and tropical forests, drylands, and marine fisheries. The net effect has been serious degradation of the planet’s life-support system on which societal development ultimately depends (see Chapters  2 and  14).

Keywords

Ecosystem Service Adaptive Capacity Adaptive Governance Multiple Ecosystem Service Rapid Environmental Change 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Stuart ChapinIII
    • 1
  • Gary P. Kofinas
    • 2
  • Carl Folke
    • 3
    • 4
  • Stephen R. Carpenter
    • 5
  • Per Olsson
    • 3
  • Nick Abel
    • 6
  • Reinette Biggs
    • 3
  • Rosamond L. Naylor
    • 7
  • Evelyn Pinkerton
    • 8
  • D. Mark Stafford (Smith)
    • 6
  • Will Steffen
    • 9
  • Brian Walker
    • 6
  • Oran R. Young
    • 10
  1. 1.Institute of Arctic BiologyUniversity of Alaska FairbanksFairbanksUSA
  2. 2.School of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences and Institute of Arctic BiologyUniversity of Alaska, FairbanksFairbanksUSA
  3. 3.Stockholm Resilience CentreStockholm UniversitySE-106 91 StockholmSweden
  4. 4.Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish, Academy of SciencesSE 104 05 StockholmSweden
  5. 5.Center for LimnologyUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA
  6. 6.CSIRO Sustainable EcosystemsCanberraAustralia
  7. 7.Woods Institute for the Environment, Freeman-Spogli Institute for International StudiesStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  8. 8.School of Resource and Environmental ManagementSimon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada
  9. 9.Climate Change InstituteAustralian National UniversityBurnabyAustralia
  10. 10.Bren School of Environmental Science and ManagementUniversity of CaliforniaSanta BarbaraUSA

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