Virtuality and Virtualization

  • Kevin Crowston
  • Sandra Sieber
Part of the IFIP International Federation for Information Processing book series (IFIPAICT, volume 236)


In today’s rapidly changing global work environment, all workers directly experience increased organizational complexity. Companies are functionally distributed, many across the globe. Intense competition for markets and margins makes adaptiveness and innovation imperative. Information and communication technologies (ICT) are pervasive and fundamental infrastructures, their use deeply integrated into work processes. Workers collaborate electronically with co-workers they may never meet face-to-face or with employees of other companies. New boundaries of time, space, business unit, culture, company partnerships, and software tools are driving the adoption of a variety of novel organizational forms. On a macro-level, these changes have started to reshape society, leading some to speak of the “Network Society” and the “Information Age.”


Virtual Environment Virtual Work Virtual Organization Virtual Patient Virtual Team 
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Copyright information

© International Federation for Information Processing 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kevin Crowston
    • 1
  • Sandra Sieber
    • 2
  1. 1.Syracuse University School of Information StudiesSyracuseUSA
  2. 2.IESE Business SchoolBarcelonaSpain

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