Conservation Payments to Reduce Wildlife Habitat Fragmentation and Disease Risks

  • Richard D. Horan
  • Jason F. Shogren
  • Benjamin M. Gramig
Part of the Natural Resource Management and Policy book series (NRMP, volume 31)


We investigate the challenges of using payments for environmental services (PES) to protect endangered species given habitat fragmentation in conjunction with disease risks from neighboring livestock. Using a bioeconomic model, we show how greater connectivity of habitat creates an endogenous trade-off. More connectedness both (1) increases growth of endangered species populations, while (2) simultaneously increasing the likelihood diseases will spread more quickly. We examine payments for habitat connectedness, livestock vaccination, and reduced movement of infected livestock. We find the cost-effective policy to first use subsidies to promote habitat contiguousness. Once habitat is sufficiently connected, disease risks increase to the point where disease-related subsidies become worthwhile. Highly connected habitat requires nearly all the government budget be devoted to disease prevention and control. The conservation payments result in significantly increased wildlife abundance, increased livestock health and abundance, and increased development opportunities.


Endangered Species Habitat Fragmentation Habitat Connectivity Bioeconomic Model Increase Disease Risk 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© FAO 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard D. Horan
    • 1
  • Jason F. Shogren
    • 2
  • Benjamin M. Gramig
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural EconomicsMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  2. 2.Department of Economics and FinanceUniversity of WyomingLaramieUSA
  3. 3.Department of Agricultural EconomicsPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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