Introduction and Overview
There is growing concern about natural resource degradation, sustainable development, and poverty reduction. In recent years, payments for environmental services (PES) programs have emerged as major components of sustainable development policies. These programs are in place in several developing countries. However, the implications of PES programs for the rural poor, the optimal design of programs to contribute to economic development, and how these initiatives integrate into international treaties to address global warming and biodiversity loss, are still not clear. This book attempts to fill this gap.
To date, the vast majority of theoretical, methodological, and empirical PES research in developing countries has focused on forests or water resource systems (FAO, 2007; Landell-Mills & Porras, 2002). This book turns attention toward the role of environmental services in agricultural landscapes because the poor in developing countries are concentrated in rural areas and earn their...
KeywordsEcosystem Service Clean Development Mechanism Poverty Reduction Distributional Objective Conservation Cost
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