Inequality in Multidimensional Indicators of Well-Being: Methodology and Application to the Human Development Index
Inequality measures for multidimensional indicators of well-being may be sensitive to the weights used for weighting the various dimensions taken into account in the overall indicator. This paper provides a general yet simple method for assessing whether the Gini index of inequality is sensitive to changes in weights. The method is applied to the Human Development Index (HDI). Changing the weights used to compute the HDI would not change significantly world inequality in human development.
KeywordsWeighting Scheme Human Development Index Gini Index United Nations Development Programme Inequality Measure
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Anand, S. and A. Sen (1999) The Income Component in the HDI - Alternative Formulations, Occasional Paper, United Nations Development Programme, Human Development Report Office, New York.Google Scholar
- McGillivray, M. and F. Noorbakhsh (2004) Composite Indices of Human Wellbeing: Past, Present and Future, Research Paper no. 2004/63, (November), United Nations University: WIDER.Google Scholar
- McGillivray, M. and H. White (1993) Measuring Development? The UNDP’s Hu-man Development Index, Journal of International Development, 5, 183-192.Google Scholar
- McGranahan, D. V., C. Richard-Proust, N. V. Sovani and M. Subramanian (1972) Contents and Measurement of Socioeconomic Development, staff Study of the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
- Noorbakhsh, F. (2007) International Convergence or Higher Inequality in Human Development? Evidence for 1975-2002, in G. Mavrotas and A. Shorrocks (eds.) Advancing Development, pp. 149-167, Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Palazzi, P. and A. Lauri (1998) The Human Development Index: Suggested Corrections, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, 51(205), 193-221.Google Scholar
- Schechtman, E. and S. Yitzhaki (1987) A Measure of Association Based on Gini’s Mean Difference, Communications in Statistics Theory and Methods, A16(1), 207-231.Google Scholar
- United Nations Development Programme (2006) Human Development Report 2006 - Beyond Scarcity: Power, Poverty and the Global Water Crisis, Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
- United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD) (1970) Contents and Measuremetns of Socioeconomic Development, United Nationas Research Institute for Social Development, Geneva.Google Scholar
- Wodon, Q. and S. Yitzhaki (2003) Inequality and the Accounting Period, Economics Bulletin, 4(36), 1-8.Google Scholar