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From Nearby to High Redshift Compact Group of Galaxies

  • Philippe Amram
  • Chantal Balkowski
  • Claudia Mendes de Oliveira
  • Henri Plana
  • Benoît Epinat
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings book series (ASSSP)

Groups of galaxies are small systems containing a few * galaxies. Up to half of all nearby galaxies are in groups or clusters [1] and more than 50% of the nearby structure in the universe lies in groups formed by 3 to 20 members [2]. Nevertheless, only very few of them are compact. Compact Groups of Galaxies (CGs) are isolated entities containing 4 to 7 galaxies close to one another: their mean galaxy-galaxy angular separation is of the same order as the diameters of the galaxies and their velocity dispersions are rather low (~200 km s –1). Most of CGs are physically bound by gravity as it can be attested by the high fraction of interacting members, they evolve through dynamical friction and may finally merge to form one single galaxy, called a fossil group ([3],[4]).

Keywords

Velocity Dispersion Rotation Curve High Redshift Star Formation Rate Nearby Galaxy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philippe Amram
    • 1
  • Chantal Balkowski
    • 2
  • Claudia Mendes de Oliveira
    • 3
  • Henri Plana
    • 4
  • Benoît Epinat
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, OAMPUniversité de ProvenceFrance
  2. 2.GEPI, Observatoire de Paris-MeudonUniversitéParis VII, CNRSFrance
  3. 3.IAG, Universidade de São PauloBrazil
  4. 4.Universidade Estadual de Santa CruzBrazil

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