Best Bets for Improving the Odds for Optimum Youth Development

  • Michael D. Resnick
Part of the The Search Institute Series on Developmentally Attentive Community and Society book series (SISS, volume 5)


Young People Protective Factor Youth Development Adolescent Health Teen Pregnancy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Anthony, E., & Cohler, B. (1987). The invulnerable child. New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  2. Atkins, L., Oman, R. F., Vesely, S. K., Aspy, C. B., & McLeroy, K. (2002). Adolescent tobacco use: The protective effects of developmental assets. American Journal of Health Promotion, 16(4), 198–205.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Attneave, C. (1989). Who has the responsibility? An evolving model to resolve ethical problems in intercultural research. American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research, 2, 18–24.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Barnard, C. (1994). Resiliency: A shift in our perception? American Journal of Family Therapy, 22, 135–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Batavick, L. (1997). Community-based family support and youth development: Two movements, one philosophy. Child Welfare, 76, 639–663.Google Scholar
  6. Belcher, H., & Shinitzky, H. (1998). Substance abuse in children. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 192, 952–960.Google Scholar
  7. Benson, P. L., & Saito, R. N. (2000). The scientific foundations of youth development. In Youth Development: Issues, Challenges and Directions (pp. 125–148). Philadelphia: Public/Private Ventures.Google Scholar
  8. Bernat, D., & Resnick, M. D. (2006). Healthy youth development: Science and practice. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice, Suppl. (November), s10–16.Google Scholar
  9. Blum, R. W. (1998). Healthy youth development as a model for youth health promotion: A review. Journal of Adolescence Health, 22(5), 368–375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Blum, R. W., Harmon, B., Harris, L., Bergeisen, L., & Resnick, M. D. (1992). American Indian–Alaska Native youth health. Journal of the American Medical Association, 267, 1637–1644.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Blum, R. W., Kelly, A., &. Ireland, M. (2001). Health-risk behaviors and protective factors among adolescents with mobility impairments and learning and emotional disabilities. Journal of Adolescent Health, 28(6), 481–490.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Borowsky, I. W., Ireland, M., & Resnick, M. D. (2001). Adolescent suicide attempts: Risks and protectors. Pediatrics, 107, 485–493.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Borowsky, I., Resnick, M., & Ireland, M. (1999). Suicide attempts among Indian-Alaska native youth: Risk and protective factors. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 153, 573–580.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Boyden, S. (1987). Western civilization in biological perspective: Patterns in biohistory. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  15. Brook, J. S., Brook, D. W., Arencibia-Mireles, O., Richter, L., & Whiteman, M. (2001). Risk factors for adolescent marijuana use across cultures and across time. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 162(3), 357–374.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Brooks, R. (1994). Children at risk: Fostering resilience and hope. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 64, 545–553.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Brown, T., Schulenberg, J., Bachman, J. G., O’Malley, P. M., & Johnston, L. D. (2001). Are risk and protective factors for substance use consistent across historical time? National data from the high school classes of 1976 through 1997. Prevention Science, 2(1), 29–43.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Burt, M. R. (1998). Reasons to invest in adolescents. Paper prepared for the Health Futures of Youth II: Pathways to Adolescent Health Conference. Washington, DC: Maternal and Child Health Bureau.Google Scholar
  19. Call, K., Riedel, A. A., Hein, K., McLoyd, V., Peterson, A., & Kipke, M. (2002). Adolescent health and well-being in the twenty-first century: A global perspective. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 12(1), 69–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Calvert, W. (1997). Protective factors within the family, and their role in fostering resiliency in African American adolescents. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 4, 110–117.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Catalano, R., & Hawkins, J. D. (1996). The social development model: A theory of antisocial behavior. In J. D Hawkins (Ed.), Delinquency and crime: Current theories (pp. 149–197). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Chandy, J., Harris, L. J., & Blum, R. W. (1994). Risk and protective factors for disordered eating among children of substance abusing parents. International Journal of the Addictions, 25, 27–36.Google Scholar
  23. Chase-Lansdale, P. L., Wakschlag, L. S., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (1995). A psychological perspective on the development of caring in children and youth: The role of the family. Journal of Adolescence, 18, 515–556.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Dinges, N., & Duong-Tran, Q. (1993). Stress life events and co-occurring depression, substance abuse, and suicidality among American Indians and Alaska Native adolescents. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, 16, 487–502.Google Scholar
  25. Dryfoos, J. G. (1990). Adolescents at risk: Prevalence and prevention. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Eckersley, R. (1993). Failing a generation: The impact of culture on the health and well-being of youth. Journal of Pediatrics and Child Health, 29, 216–219.Google Scholar
  27. Edari, R., & McManus, P. (1998). Risk and resiliency factors for violence. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 45, 293–305.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Egeland, B., Jacobvitz, D., & Sroufe, L. A. (1998). Breaking the cycle of abuse. Child Development, 59, 1080–1088.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Emshoff, J., Avery, E., Raduka, G., Anderson, D. J., & Calvert, C. (1993). Findings from SUPER STARS: A health promotion program for families to enhance multiple protective factors. Journal of Adolescent Research, 11, 68–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Fischhoff, B., Nightingale, E., & Iannotta, J. E. (2001). Adolescent risk and vulnerability: Concepts and measurement. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  31. Fitzpatrick, K. (1997). Fighting among America’s youth: A risk and protective factors approach. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 38 131–148.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. French, S. A., Leffert, N., Story, M., Neumark-Sztainer, D., Hannan, P., & Benson, P. L. (2001). Adolescent binge/purge and weight loss behaviors: Associations with developmental assets. Journal of Adolescent Health, 28(3), 211–221.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Gabriel, R., Hopson, T., & Haskins, M., & Powell, K. E. (1996). Building relationships and resilience in the prevention of youth violence. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 12(Suppl. 5), 48–55.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Garmezy, N. (1993). Children in poverty: Resilience despite risk. Psychiatry 56, 127–136.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Garmezy, N., & Rutter, M. (1983). Stress, coping, and development in children. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  36. Hawkins, J. D., Catalano, R. F., Kosterman, R., Abbott, R., & Hill, K. G. (1999). Preventing adolescent health-risk behaviors by strengthening protection during childhood. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 153, 226–234.Google Scholar
  37. Hawkins, J., Catalano, R., & Miller, J. (1992). Risk and protective factors for alcohol and other drug problems in adolescence and early adulthood: Implications for substance abuse prevention. Psychological Bulletin, 112, 64–105.Google Scholar
  38. Howard, D. (1996). Searching for resilience among African-American youth exposed to community violence: Theoretical issues. Journal of Adolescent Health, 18, 254–262.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Hunter, A. J. (2001). A cross-cultural comparison of resilience in adolescents. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 16(3), 172–179.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Jarvis, S., Shear, L., & Hughes, D. (1997). Community youth development: Learning the new story. Child Welfare, 76, 719–741.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Johnson, K., Strander, T., & Berbaum, M. (1996). Reducing alcohol and other drug use by strengthening community, family, and youth resiliency: An evaluation of the Creating Lasting Connections program. Journal of Adolescent Research, 11, 36–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Kirby, D. (1997). No easy answers: Research findings on programs to reduce teen pregnancy. Washington, DC: National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy.Google Scholar
  43. Kirby, D. (2001). Emerging answers: Research findings on programs to reduce teen pregnancy. Washington, DC: National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy.Google Scholar
  44. Konopka, G. (1973). Requirements for healthy development of adolescent youth. Adolescence, 8, 1–26.Google Scholar
  45. Luthar, S. (1991). Vulnerability and resilience: A study of high-risk adolescents. Child Development, 62, 600–616.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Magnani, R. J., Karim, A. M., Weiss, L. A., Bond, K. C., Lemba, M., & Morgan, G. T. (2002). Reproductive health risk and protective factors among youth in Lusaka, Zambia. Journal of Adolescent Health, 30(1), 76–86.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Makini, G. J., Hishinuma, E. S., Kim, S. P., Carlton, B. S., Miyamoto, R. H., Nahulu, L. B., et al. (2001). Risk and protective factors related to native Hawaiian adolescent alcohol use. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 36(3), 235–242.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Masten, A. S., Best, K. M., & Garmezy, N. (1990). Resilience and development: Contributions from the study of children who overcome adversity. Development and Psychopathology, 2, 425–444.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Matsen, A., & Coatsworth, J. D. (1998). The development of competence in favorable and unfavorable environments. American Psychologist, 53, 205–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Masten, A., & Garmezy, N. (1988). Risk, vulnerability and protective factors in developmental psychopathology. In B. B. Lahey & A. E. Kazddin (Eds.), Advances in clinical child psychology (pp. 1–52). New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
  51. McLaughlin, M., Irby, M., & Langman, J. (1994). Urban sanctuaries: Futures of inner-city youth. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  52. Ministry of Youth Affairs. (2002a). Building strength: A review of research on how young people can achieve the best outcomes across families, peer groups, schools and the community. Wellington, New Zealand: Author.Google Scholar
  53. Ministry of Youth Affairs. (2002b). Youth development strategy Aotearoa: Action for child and youth development. Wellington, New Zealand: Author.Google Scholar
  54. Murphy, L., & Moriarty, A. (1976). Vulnerability, coping, and growth: From infancy to adolescence. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  55. National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. (2002). Community programs to promote youth development. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  56. Neuman, A. K., Mason, V., & Chase, E. (1991). Factors associated with success among Southern Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians. Journal of Community Health, 16, 103–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Neiman, L. (1988). A critical review of resiliency literature and its relevance to homeless children. Children’s Environments Quarterly, 5, 17–25.Google Scholar
  58. Oden, S. (1995). Studying youth programs to assess influences on youth development: New roles for researchers. Journal of Adolescent Research, 10, 173–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. O’Sullivan, A. (2001). The family as a protective asset in adolescent development. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 19(2), 102–126.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Patton, L. (1995). Adolescent substance abuse: Risk factors and protective factors. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 42, 283–293.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. Pittman, K. J., & Fleming, W. E. (1991). A new vision: Promoting youth development. Testimony before the House Select Committee on Children, Youth and Families.Google Scholar
  62. Price, J., Dake, J., & Kucharewski, R. (2001). Assets as predictors of suicide attempts in African American inner-city youths. American Journal of Health Behavior, 25(4), 367–375.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  63. Quinton, D., & Rutter, M. (1998). Parental breakdown: The making and breaking of intergenerational links. Aldershot, UK: Avebury.Google Scholar
  64. Resnick, M. D. (2000). Resilience and protective factors in the lives of adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 27(1), 1–2.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Resnick, M. (2005). Healthy youth development: Getting our priorities right. Medical Journal of Australia, 183, 398–400.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. Resnick, M., Bearman, P., & Blum, R. (1997). Protecting young people from harm: Findings from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Journal of the American Medical Association, 278, 823–832.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Resnick, M. D., Harris, L. J., & Blum, R. W. (1993). The impact of caring and connectedness on adolescent health and well-being. Journal of Pediatrics and Child Health, 29, s1–s9.Google Scholar
  68. Rew, L., Taylor-Seehafer, M., Thomas, N. Y., & Yockey, R. D. (2001). Correlates of resilience in homeless adolescents. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 33(1), 33–40.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Rew, L., Thomas, N., Horner, S., Resnick, M. D., & Beuhring, T. (2001). Correlates of recent suicide attempts in a triethnic group of adolescents. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 33(4), 361–367.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Richmond, J., & Beardslee, W. (1988). Resiliency: Research and practical implications for pediatricians. Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics 9, 157–163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Rose, M., & Killien, M. (1982). Risk and vulnerability: A case for differentiation. Advances in Nursing Science, 5, 227–240.Google Scholar
  72. Roth, J., Brooks-Gunn, J., Murray, L., & Foster, W. (1998). Promoting healthy adolescents: Synthesis of youth development program evaluations. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 8, 423–459.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Rutter, M. (1979). Protective factors in children’s responses to stress and disadvantage. In M. Kent & J. Rolf (Eds.), Primary prevention of psychopathology: Social competence in children (pp. 49–74). Hanover, NH: University Press of New England.Google Scholar
  74. Rutter, M. (1987). Psychosocial resilience and protective mechanisms. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 57, 316–331.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Sameroff, J. A., & Seifer, R. (1989). Early contributions to development risk. In J. Rolf, A. S. Masten, D. Cicchetti, K. H. Nuechterlein, & S. Weintraub (Eds.), Risk and protective factors in the development of psychopathology (pp. 52–66). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  76. Scales, P. (1997). The role of family support programs in building developmental assets among young adolescents: A national survey of services and staff training needs. Child Welfare, 76, 611–635.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. Scheier, L., Botvin, G., & Baker, L. (1997). Risk and protective factors as predictors of adolescent alcohol involvement and transitions in alcohol use: A prospective analysis. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 58, 652–667.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. Schorr, L. (1997). Common purpose: Strengthening families and neighborhoods to rebuild America. New York: Anchor Books.Google Scholar
  79. Schorr, L., & Schorr, D. (1988). Within our reach: Breaking the cycle of disadvantage. Doubleday: New York.Google Scholar
  80. Sieving, R. E., Beuhring, T., Resnick, M., Bearinger, L. H., Shew, M. L., Ireland, M., et al. (2001). Development of adolescent self-report measures from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Journal of Adolescent Health, 28, 73–81.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Sieving, R., Hellerstedt, W., McNeely, C., Fee, R., Snyder, J., & Resnick, M. (2006). Reliability of self-reported contraceptive use and sexual behaviors among adolescent girls. Journal of Sex Research, 42, 159–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Turner, S., Norman, E., & Zunz, S. (1995). Enhancing resiliency in girls and boys: A case for gender specific adolescent prevention programming. Journal of Primary Prevention, 16, 25–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. U.S. Congress. (1988). Healthy children: Investing in the future. Washington, DC: Office of Technology Assessment.Google Scholar
  84. U.S. Congress. (1991a). Adolescent health: Volume 1. Summary and policy options. Washington, DC: Office of Technology Assessment.Google Scholar
  85. U.S. Congress. (1991b). Adolescent health: Volume II. Background and the effectiveness of selected prevention and treatment services. Washington, DC: Office of Technology Assessment.Google Scholar
  86. Vakalahi, H. (2001). Adolescent substance use and family-based risk and protective factors: A literature review. Journal of Drug Education, 31(1), 29–46.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Vance, J. E., Bowen, N. K., Fernandez, G., & Thompson, S. (2002). Risk and protective factors as predictors of outcome in adolescents with psychiatric disorder and aggression. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 41(1), 36–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Weist, M., Freedman, A., & Paskewitz, D. (1995). Urban youth under stress: Empirical identification of protective factors. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 24, 705–721.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Werner, E. (1989). High-risk children in young adulthood: A longitudinal study from birth to 32 years. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 59, 72–81.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Werner, E. E., & Smith, R. S. (1992). Overcoming the odds: High risk children from birth to adulthood. Cornell University Press: Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  91. Wilson, D. (2001). Protective factors associated with American Indian adolescents’ safer sexual patterns. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 5(4), 273–280.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Wolkow, K. E., & Ferguson, H. B. (2001). Community factors in the development of resiliency: Considerations and future directions. Community Mental Health Journal, 37(6), 489–498.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. World Health Organization. (2002). Broadening the horizon: Balancing protection and risk for adolescents. Geneva: Author.Google Scholar
  94. Yates, A. (1987). Current status and future directions of research on the American Indian child. American Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 1135–1142.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael D. Resnick
    • 1
  1. 1.University of MinnesotaMinnesotaUSA

Personalised recommendations