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The HIV/AIDS Epidemics of the Americas

  • David D. Celentano
  • Chris Beyrer
  • Wendy W. Davis
  • Carlos del Rio

What eventually became termed the HIV epidemic was first detected in 1981 in 11 homosexual men in the United States with very aggressive and rare malignancies (Kaposi’s Sarcoma). The initial case reports of mostly men who had sex with men to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) showed geographic clusters in Belle Glade, Florida, New York City, Los Angeles and San Francisco. Soon this mixed group of patients with severely compromised immune systems became colloquially referred to as the “Four H Disease” by the CDC, as it primarily involved homosexuals, heroin addicts, hemophiliacs, and Haitians. Naturally, Haitians were later found to have the same behavioral risks as all others infected with HIV, but the die was cast. The sad and discriminating legacy of the early stages of the nascent HIV epidemic in the United States forced the poorest nation in the Americas and one of the least economically developed in the world into an economic freefall that compounded an otherwise chaotic...

Keywords

Dominican Republic Global Fund Belle Glade Global Fund Support Progressive Political Agenda 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • David D. Celentano
    • 1
  • Chris Beyrer
    • 1
  • Wendy W. Davis
    • 1
  • Carlos del Rio
    • 2
  1. 1.Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public HealthBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Emory School of MedicineGeorgia

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