HIV Prevention Needs: Primary Prevention and Prevention for People Living with HIV/AIDS

  • Nalini Tarakeshwar
  • Seth C. Kalichman
  • Leickness C. Simbayi
  • Kathleen J. Sikkema


Chapter one of this volume provides an overview of the global scenario of HIV and AIDS. Available data suggests that the number of HIV infections has varied globally since 2000, with HIV rates in some countries such as Kenya and Malawi declining, while other countries such as Uganda and Thailand report setbacks in their previously declining rates of HIV infection. Moreover, HIV/AIDS seems to be gaining further ground in Russia and the most populous regions of the world including India and China. For a sustainable response to the epidemic, both prevention and treatment services need to be brought to scale simultaneously. Although 700,000 people began antiretroviral (ARV) treatment in 2006, around four million people became infected with HIV. As Kevin De Cock, the World Health Organization’s (WHO) HIV/AIDS Director emphasized, ``We cannot treat our way out of this epidemic. For every case going into treatment, six more are going to the back of the line." (Alcorn, 2007) This...


Male Circumcision Condom Attitude Uninfected Partner Popular Opinion Leader Cape Town Township 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nalini Tarakeshwar
    • 1
  • Seth C. Kalichman
    • 2
  • Leickness C. Simbayi
    • 3
  • Kathleen J. Sikkema
    • 4
  1. 1.The Children’s Investment Fund FoundationUK
  2. 2.University of ConnecticutStorrsUSA
  3. 3.Human Sciences Research CouncilSouth Africa
  4. 4.Duke UniversityDurhamUSA

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