Innovation in Manufacturing

  • Juan Julio Gutierrez
Part of the International Studies in Entrepreneurship book series (ISEN, volume 17)


This paper explores the determinants of three innovation outputs in low technology manufacturing factories by exploring innovation dependent on the factory’s network of relationships, both internal (intra-firm cooperation) and external (inter-factory and inter-firm) using data from, the World Bank’s “Investment Climate Survey” (ICS).

The results support the idea that external networks, mainly interaction with universities, and purchasing of foreign licenses constitute a mechanism for generating innovation outputs in low-technology sectors. Foreign ownership does not appear to be a driver of innovative outputs. On the iput side, the results show importance and robustness of capital goods, adaptation and development within the factory where learning by doing, and new technical personnel.


Foreign Direct Investment Foreign Firm Domestic Firm External Network Local Firm 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juan Julio Gutierrez
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Public PolicyThe George Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA

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