Incontinence in the Elderly

  • Michael Ingber
  • Pradeep Nagaraju
  • Ananias Diokno


Urinary Incontinence Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Stress Urinary Incontinence Bladder Neck Stress Incontinence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Minassian, V.A., Drutz, H.P., Al-Badr, A. Urinary incontinence as a worldwide problem. Int. J. Gyn. Obstet. 2003; 82(3):327–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Weiss, B.D. Diagnostic evaluation of urinary incontinence in geriatric patients. Am. Fam. Phys. 1998; 57(11):2675–2684.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Abrams, P., Kelleher, C., Kerr, L.A., et al. Overactive bladder significantly affects quality of life.Am. J. Man. Care 2000; 6(11 Suppl):S580–590.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wilson, L., Brown, J., Shin, G., et al. Annual direct cost of urinary incontinence. Obstet. Gyn. 2001; 98(3):398–406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yuhico, M., Diokno, A.C., Amendola, M.A. Neurogenic bladder and radiology. In Lower Genitourinary Radiology: Imaging and Intervention, S.Z.H Jafri, A.C. Diokno, and M.A. Amendola, eds. New York: Springer. 1998.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dessole, S., Rubattu, G., Ambrosini, G., et al. Efficacy of low-dose intravaginal estriol on urogenital aging in postmenopausal women. Menopause 2004; 11(1): 49–56.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jarmy-Di Bella, Z.I., Girao, M.J., Sartori, M.F., Baracat, E.C., Lima, G.R. Power Doppler of the urethra in continent or incontinent, pre- and postmenopausal women. Int. Urogyn. J. 2000; 11(3):148–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Strasser, H., Tiefenthaler, M., Steinlechner, M., et al. Urinary incontinence in the elderly and age-dependent apoptosis of rhabdosphincter cells. Lancet 1999; 354(9182):918–919.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pfisterer, M., Griffiths, D., Rosenberg, L., et al. The impact of detrusor overactivity on bladder function in younger and older women. J. Urol. 2006; 175(5): 1777–1783.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Nicolle, L.E. Urinary tract infection in the elderly. How to treat and when? Infection 1992; 20(Suppl 4):S261–265.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cervigni, M. Hormonal influences in the lower urinary tract. In Female Urology, 2nd ed., S. Raz, ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders.1996; pp. 539–559.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Resnick, N.M. Geriatric medicine. In Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine, K.J. Isselbacher, E. Braunwald, J.D. Wilson, et al., eds. New York: McGraw-Hill. 1994; p. 34.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hellstrom, P.M., Sjoqvist, A. Involvement of opioid and nicotinic receptors in rectal and anal reflex inhibition of urinary bladder motility in cats. Acta Physiol. Scand. 1988; 133:559–562.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Stewart, W.F., Van Rooyen, J.B., Cundiff, G.W., et al. Prevalence and burden of overactive bladder in the United States. World J. Urol. 2003; 20:327–336.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Walsh, P., Retik, A., Vaughan, E.D., et al. Campbell’s Urology, 8th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders. 2002.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bautista, O.M., Kusek, J.W., Nyberg, L. M., etal. Study design of the Medical Therapy of Prostatic Symptoms (MTOPS) trial. Controlled Clin. Trials 2003; 24(2): 224–243.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    DuBeau, C.E., Resnick, N.M. Evaluation of the causes and severity of geriatric incontinence. A critical appraisal. Urol. Clinics North Am. 1991; 18(2): 243–256.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Resnick, N.M., Yalla, S.V. Detrusor hyperactivity with impaired contractile function. An unrecognized but common cause of incontinence in elderly patients. JAMA 1987; 257:3076.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Albert, X., Huertas, I., Pereiro, I., et al. Antibiotics for preventing recurrent urinary tract infection in non-pregnant women. Cochrane Database System. Rev. 2004; (3):CD001209.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Thompson, D.L., Smith, D.A. Continence nursing: A whole person approach. Holistic Nursing Practice 2002; 16(2):14–31.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Elbadawi, A., Diokno, A.C., Millard, R.J. The aging bladder: Morphology and urodynamics. World J. Urol. 1998; 16(Suppl 1):S10–34.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Thomas, A.W., Cannon, A., Bartlett, E., et al. The natural history of lower urinary tract dysfunction in men: the influence of detrusor underactivity on the outcome after transurethral resection of the prostate with a minimum 10-year urodynamic follow-up. BJU Int. 2004; 93(6):745–750.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Hindley, R.G., Brierly, R.D., Thomas, P.J. Prostaglandin E2 and bethanechol in combination for treating detrusor underactivity. BJU Int. 2004; 93(1):89–92.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Persson, J., Wolner-Hanssen, P., Rydhstroem, H. Obstetric risk factors for stress urinary incontinence: A population-based study. Obstet. Gyn. 2000; 96(3): 440–445.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Schick, E., Dupont, C., Bertrand, P.E., et al. Predictive value of maximum urethral closure pressure, urethral hypermobility and urethral incompetence in the diagnosis of clinically significant female genuine stress incontinence. J. Urol. 2004; 171(5):1871–1875.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Stanford, J.L., Feng, Z., Hamilton, A.S., et al. Urinary and sexual function after radical prostatectomy for clinically localized prostate cancer: The Prostate Cancer Outcomes Study. JAMA 2000; 283(3):354–360.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Filocamo, M.T., Li Marzi, V., Del Popolo, G., et al. Effectiveness of early pelvic floor rehabilitation treatment for post-prostatectomy incontinence. Eur. Urol. 2005; 48(5):734–738.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Burns, P.A., Pranikoff, K., Nochajski, T.H., et al. A comparison of effectiveness of biofeedback and pelvic muscle exercise treatment of stress incontinence in older community-dwelling women. J. Gerontol. 1993; 48(4):M167–174.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Atanasov, A., Atanasova, Z. The treatment of stress incontinence by Burch’s colposuspension. Akusherstvo i Ginekologiia 1993; 32(3):1–3.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Leach, G.E., Dmochowski, R.R., Appell, R.A., et al. Female Stress Urinary Incontinence Clinical Guidelines Panel summary report on surgical management of female stress urinary incontinence. The American Urological Association. J. Urol. 1997; 158:875–880.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Ulmsten, U., Henriksson, L., Johnson, P., et al. An ambulatory surgical procedure under local anesthesia for treatment of female urinary incontinence. Int. Urogyn. J. 1996; 7:81–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Ingber
  • Pradeep Nagaraju
  • Ananias Diokno

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations