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Behavioral Perspectives

  • Ronald A. Cohen
Chapter

Abstract

Behaviorism emerged in response to the early schools of psychology that had put a premium on the analysis of consciousness and subjective experience. With roots in the principles of associationism, objectivism, and logical positivism, behaviorism maintained that psychology should be an empirical science, its focus restricted to measurable behavior. This could be best accomplished by studying the characteristics of association formation between external events (stimuli) and the resulting responses. The term conditioning became synonymous with the process by which an associative linkage was established and learning occurred. By characterizing the relationship between the responses of the animal and the stimuli in its environment, learning theorists specified building blocks for more complex behaviors.

Keywords

Conditioned Stimulus Conditioned Response Classical Conditioning Behavioral Inhibition Discrimination Learning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald A. Cohen
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Departments of Neurology, Psychiatry and AgingGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Center for Cognitive Aging and MemoryUniversity of Florida College of MedicineGainesvilleUSA
  3. 3.Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior Warren Alpert School of MedicineBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA

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