Neuropsychology of Attention: Synthesis

  • Ronald A. Cohen


A fundamental premise underlies the neuropsychological approach within this book that attention and other cognitive functions are biophysical phenomena that can be operationalized, empirically studied and ultimately characterized and understood. A monistic perspective is assumed such that (1) reality is a unified whole, (2) all of its manifestations can be accounted for by empirical study and ultimately a single system of knowledge, and (3) the mind and body (or more broadly all physical matter) originate from and are reducible to the same substance and common laws and principles. The framework fits most closely with neurophilosophy and with epistemologies that reject dualistic conception of the mind and body as distinct entities, such that the mind is not knowable through the study of physical phenomena. On the other hand, it also assumes that there are multiple paths by which cognition and other “mental” experiences can be studied.


Nucleus Accumbens Selective Attention Attentional Control Sustained Attention Inferior Parietal Lobule 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Schneider, W., & Shiffrin, R. M. (1977). Controlled and automatic human information processing: I. Detection, search, and attention. Psychological Review, 84, 1–66.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Shiffrin, R. M., & Schneider, W. (1977). Controlled and automatic human information processing: II. Perceptual learning, automatic attending and a general theory. Psychological Review, 84, 127–190.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hasher, L., & Zacks, R. T. (1984). Automatic processing of fundamental information: The case of frequency of occurrence. American Psychologist, 39, 1372–1388.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mirsky, A. (1989). Neuropsychology of attention: Elements of a complex behavior. In E. Perecman (Ed.), Integrating theory and practice in clinical neuropsychology (xxviii, 438 p). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Heilman, K. M., & Valenstein, E. (1979). Mechanisms underlying hemispatial neglect. Annals of Neurology, 5(2), 166–170.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Friston, K. J., & Buchel, C. (2000). Attentional modulation of effective connectivity from V2 to V5/MT in humans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 97(13), 7591–7596.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Deco, G., & Rolls, E. T. (2004). A neurodynamical cortical model of visual attention and invariant object recognition. Vision Research, 44(6), 621–642.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Slotnick, S. D., Schwarzbach, J., & Yantis, S. (2003). Attentional inhibition of visual processing in human striate and extrastriate cortex. NeuroImage, 19(4), 1602–1611.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bender, D. B., & Youakim, M. (2001). Effect of attentive fixation in macaque thalamus and cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology, 85(1), 219–234.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mehta, A. D., Ulbert, I., & Schroeder, C. E. (2000). Intermodal selective attention in monkeys. II: physiological mechanisms of modulation. Cerebral Cortex, 10(4), 359–370.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    van Schouwenburg, M. R., den Ouden, H. E., & Cools, R. (2010). The human basal ganglia modulate frontal-posterior connectivity during attention shifting. Journal of Neuroscience, 30(29), 9910–9918.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cummings, J. L., Gosenfeld, L. F., Houlihan, J. P., & McCaffrey, T. (1983). Neuropsychiatric disturbances associated with idiopathic calcification of the basal ganglia. Biological Psychiatry, 18(5), 591–601.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Castellanos, F. X. (1997). Toward a pathophysiology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Clinical Pediatrics, 36(7), 381–393.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald A. Cohen
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Departments of Neurology, Psychiatry and AgingGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Center for Cognitive Aging and MemoryUniversity of Florida College of MedicineGainesvilleUSA
  3. 3.Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior Warren Alpert School of MedicineBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA

Personalised recommendations