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Applications of Microscopy to Polymers

Abstract

Characterization of the microstructure of polymer fibers can provide insights into the fundamental structures present and into the relationship between structure and properties important for applications. Morphological characterization provides information to help understand the effects of process history on mechanical and physical properties. Microscopy techniques are used to observe features such as fiber shape, diameter, structure (crystal size, voids, etc.), molecular orientation, size and distribution of additives, structure of yarn and fabric assemblages, and failure mechanisms. These features are directly related to specific mechanical and thermal properties. Emphasis in this section is on assessment of the structure of polymer fibers as it relates to solving problems or evaluating the effect of process modifications. Fibers prepared from liquid crystalline polymers require special methods and interpretation that will be described later (see Section 5.6).

Keywords

Atomic Force Microscopy Block Copolymer Scan Tunneling Microscope Scan Tunneling Microscope Image Liquid Crystalline Polymer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Linda C. Sawyer, David T. Grubb 2008

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