EEG & Neurofeedback in Rehabilitation

From the initial demonstration of the EEG with animals, it was some fiftyfour years later that the technique was demonstrated in humans. In the 1920s Hans Berger was able to show potential differences between recording sites related to cortical processes. He named this electrical activity the “Elektrenkephalogramm.” In his first set of papers, Berger sought to determine what factors were involved in the production of the EEG and was able to determine that EEG was related to activity within the brain and to rule out other physiological activity such as cerebral pulsations, cerebral blood flow, blood flow through scalp vessels, heart rate activity, muscle activity, eye movements and electrical properties of the skin (Berger, 1929). Berger took his studies beyond the physiological level and was one of the first to suggest that periodic fluctuations of the EEG might be related in humans to cognitive processes such as arousal, memory and consciousness. In determining the nature of the EEG Berger was initially surprised to discover that EEG changes were ones of quality rather than quantity. For example, as an individual moved from a relaxed state to one of stimulation and activity, Berger noted that the EEG did not increase in amplitude but rather changed in the quality of the wave forms. He initially identified these two different EEG wave forms as that of alpha activity and that of beta activity, with alpha being associated with cortical inactivity and beta with cortical activity.


Positron Emission Tomography Traumatic Brain Injury Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Alpha Activity Theta Activity 


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