Alterations in Circulatory Function

  • Thomas J. Ebert
  • G. Alec Rooke


According to a 2006 statistical update published by the American Heart Association, 37.3% of all deaths in the United States in 2003 were attributable to cardiovascular disease (CVD).1 About 83% of the deaths related to CVD occur in people age 65 and older. The prevalence of CVD in American men and women aged 65–74 are 68.5% and 75%, respectively. For those aged 75+, prevalence is 77.8% and 86.4%, respectively. These numbers demonstrate the strong association between adverse cardiac events and the aging process.


Diastolic Dysfunction Pulse Wave Velocity Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia Volatile Anesthetic Circulatory Function 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas J. Ebert
    • 1
  • G. Alec Rooke
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyMedical College of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Washington and the Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care SystemSeattle
  3. 3.Harvard Medical SchoolBeth Israel Deaconess Medical CenterBostonUSA

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