Posttransplantation Lymphoproliferative Disorder

  • Aamir Ehsan
  • Jennifer L. Herrick
Part of the Molecular Pathology Library book series (MPLB, volume 1)


Lymphoproliferative disorders are known complications of congenital and acquired immunodeficiency and/or iatrogenic-induced immunosuppression. A lymphoplasmacytic proliferation or lymphoma developing as a consequence of continuous iatrogenic immunosuppression following solid organ transplantation and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is called posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD). Posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorders are a morphologically and clinically heterogenous group of disorders, many of which are associated with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Morphologically the spectrum ranges from polyclonal lymphoplasmacytic proliferations resembling infectious mononucleosis to frankly neoplastic lymphomas. These lymphomas are commonly EBV positive B cell and less commonly EBV negative (B or T cell) in origin. Clinically, some of these disorders regress after reduction of the immunosuppressive regimen, and others progress to serious and potentially fatal lymphomas requiring chemotherapy.


Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Germinal Center Lymphoproliferative Disorder Solid Organ Transplant Recipient Posttransplantation Lymphoproliferative Disorder 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aamir Ehsan
    • 1
  • Jennifer L. Herrick
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio and Audie L. Murphy VA Medical CenterSan AntonioUSA
  2. 2.Department of PathologyUniversity of Texas Health Science Center at San AntonioSan AntonioUSA

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