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Fertility Management for Women With Cancer

  • Sanjay K. Agarwal
  • R. Jeffrey Chang
Part of the Cancer Treatment and Research book series (CTAR, volume 138)

Cancer is now a disease with a variety of treatment options that are leading to longer and more productive lives in survivors. More than 200,000 men and women under the age of 45 years are diagnosed with cancer annually. However, challenges remain for cancer survivors striving to return to normalcy. Infertility can be a consequence of many of the more aggressive chemo- and radiation therapies that prolong and save lives. The ability to easily preserve sperm prior to cancer treatment provides hope at the time of diagnosis to have families later in life for male survivors. A notable example is Tour de France winner Lance Armstrong, who has three children conceived by using sperm collected and frozen days before he underwent the massive chemo- and radiation therapy that saved his life. When faced with a similar devastating diagnosis, women and girls have the same hope for recovery but lack the fertility preservation options that Mr. Armstrong was given. Unlike sperm, the female germ cell, the oocyte or egg, must be retrieved surgically. Moreover, the vast majority of collected oocytes will be immature at collection and cannot be used immediately by a woman who is ready to start a family.

Keywords

Ovarian Reserve Fertility Preservation Mature Oocyte Primordial Follicle Premature Ovarian Failure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanjay K. Agarwal
    • 1
  • R. Jeffrey Chang
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CaliforniaSan DiegoUSA

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