Childhood Cancer: Fertility and Psychosocial Implications
Having your child diagnosed with cancer is one of the most trying experiences a parent can endure. Greater than 15,000 children and adolescents under the age of 19 are diagnosed with childhood cancer each year in the United States . Childhood cancer is comprised of a wide spectrum of malignancies, and outcomes are dependent upon histology type, disease origin and site, race, sex, and age at diagnosis . Fortunately, advances in treatment and supportive care have led to a significant increase in survival rates for childhood cancer patients. Ries et al. reported that from 1950 to 1954 the 5-year survival rate was 20 % for children diagnosed with cancer between the ages 0–14 years . Almost 50 years later, by 1995–2000, the 5-year survival rate rose to 80.1%, and in the past 25 years alone this rate increased by 20 % for children ages 0–19 years .
KeywordsChildhood Cancer Adult Survivor Fertility Preservation Ovarian Failure Childhood Cancer Survivor
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