The history of psychological symptom formation as a clinical and scientific subject of interest, is of course, tied to the work of Sigmund Freud. Most of the elements of the entire anatomy of what is considered a symptom–its constituents, structure, and its very foundation–is considered throughout Freud’s collected works, although actually in a fragmentary fashion, located in just about all of his work, either directly or by implication. From his 1894 paper on the defence neuropsychoses (1894/1962), to the Fragment of an Analysis of a Case of Hysteria, 1905/1953), to his papers on Inhibition, Symptoms, and Anxiety, 1926/1959), wherever one looks, it seems that everything ultimately points toward symptom as psychopathology. Thus, just about all of Freud’s work, in one way or another, can be correlated to almost every facet of the subject of symptoms.
KeywordsSymptom Psychology Secondary Gain Symptom Formation Secondary Elaboration Substitute Gratification
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