Preinvasive Disease

  • Keith M. Kerr
  • Armando E. Fraire


Primary lung cancer is the most frequent cause of death from malignant disease worldwide. In many Western countries the overall incidence of lung cancer shows signs of decreasing, yet the explosion in tobacco consumption in many Asian countries in particular suggests this disease will remain a major worldwide health problem for the foreseeable future. Despite a decline in lung cancer incidence in Western male populations, and, coincident with this, a fall in rates of squamous cell carcinoma, many of these same Western countries are witnessing a continued rise in lung cancer cases in females. At the same time, and probably not entirely unrelated to this change in sex demography, primary adenocarcinoma of the lung is on the increase, although there is evidence of this tumor type also rising in males.


Bronchioloalveolar Carcinoma Sputum Cytology Preinvasive Lesion Squamous Dysplasia Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Keith M. Kerr
    • 1
  • Armando E. Fraire
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PathologyAberdeen Royal Infirmary and Aberdeen University School of MedicineForesterhill, AberdeenUK
  2. 2.Department of PathologyUniversity of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcesterUSA

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