Standing Out and Blending in: Differentiation and Conflict

  • Naomi Lee
  • Erica Lessem
  • Fathali M. Moghaddam
Part of the Peace Psychology Book Series book series (PPBS)


Social Identity Mutual Position Social Differentiation Intergroup Relation Street Vendor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Aberson, C. L., Healy, M., & Romero, V. (2000). Ingroup bias and self-esteem: A meta-analysis. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 4, 157–173).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bettancourt, B. A., Dorr, N., Charlton, K., & Hume, D. L. (2001). Status differences and in-group bias: A meta-analytic examination of the effects of status stability, status legitimacy, and group permeability. Psychological Bulletin, 127, 520–542).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Blanz, M., Mummendey, A., & Otten, S. (1997). Normative evaluations and frequency expectations regarding positive versus negative outcome allocations between groups. European Journal of Social Psychology, 27, 165–176).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Branwaithe, A., Doyle, S., & Lightbrown, N. (1979). The balance between fairness and discrimination. European Journal of Social Psychology, 9, 149–163).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brewer, M. B. (1991). The social self: On being the same and different at the same time. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 17, 475–482).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brown, P., & Levinson, S. C. (1987). Politeness: Some universals in language usage. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Davies, B., & Harré, R. (1990). Positioning: The discursive production of selves. Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior, 20, 43–63).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Davies, B., & Harré, R. (1999). Positioning and personhood. In R. Harré & L. van Langenhove (Eds.) (1999), Positioning theory: Moral contexts of intentional action(pp. 32–52). Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishers. [Original version published 1990, Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior, 20, 43–63].Google Scholar
  9. Garvey, C. (1979). Contingent queries and their relations in discourse. In E. Ochs & B. Schieffelin, Developmental pragmatics (pp. 363–372). New York, NY: Academic PressGoogle Scholar
  10. Greimas, Algirdas Julien. (1987). On meaning: selected writings in semiotic theory. translation by Paul J. Perron and Frank H. Collins. London, UK: Pinter.Google Scholar
  11. Harré, R. (1984). Personal being: A theory for individual psychology. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Harré, R., & Moghaddam, F. (2003). Introduction: The self and others in traditional psychology and in positioning theory. In R. Harré & F. Moghaddam (Eds.), The self and others (pp. 1–11). Westport, CT: Praeger.Google Scholar
  13. Jetten, J., Postmes, T., & Spears, R. (2004). Intergroup distinctiveness and differentiation: A meta-analytic integration. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 862–879.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lemaine, G. (1974). Social differentiation and social originality. European Journal of Social Psychology, 4, 17–52).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Moghaddam, F. M. (1997). The specialized society: The plight of the individual in an age of individualism. Westport, CT: Praeger Publications.Google Scholar
  16. Moghaddam, F. M. (2006). Interobjectivity: The collective roots of individual consciousness and social identity. In T. Postmes & J. Jetten (Eds.), Individuality and the group: Advances in social identity (pp.155–174). London, UK: Sage.Google Scholar
  17. Mulkay, M. J., & Turner, B. S. (1971). Overproduction of personnel and innovation in three social settings. Sociology, 5, 47–61).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mullen, B., Brown, R., & Smith, C., (1992). Ingroup bias as a function of slience, relevance, and status: An integration. European Journal of Social Psychology, 22, 103–122).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mullen, B., Migdal, M. J., & Hewstone, M. (2001). Crossed categorization versus simple categorization and intergroup evaluations. A meta-analysis. European Journal of Social Psychology, 31, 721–736).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mummendey, A., & Schreiber, H. J. (1983). Better or just different? Positive social identity by discrimination against, or by differentiation from outgroups. European Journal of Social Psychology, 13, 389–397).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mummendey, A., Simon, B., Dietze, C., Gränert, M., Haeger, G., Kessler, S., Lattgen, S., & Schäferhoff, S. (1992). Categorization is not enough: Intergroup discrimination in negative outcome allocation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 28, 125–584).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mummendey, B., Brown, R., & Smith, C. (1992). Ingroup bias as a function of salience, relevance, and status: An integration. European Journal of Social Psychology, 22, 103–122).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Schiffrin, D. (1987). Discourse markers. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Society (2001). “Vanity in Venezuela.” January/February, 38 2–4.Google Scholar
  25. Sosa, R. (2001). “Under the sun, under the knife” The UNESCO Courier, July/August 2001.Google Scholar
  26. Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. C. (1979). An integrative theory of intergroup conflict. In W. G. Austin & S. Worchel (Eds.), The social psychology of intergroup relations (pp. 33–47). Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole.Google Scholar
  27. Thompson, J. B. (1990). Ideology and modern culture. Cambridge, UK: Polity.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naomi Lee
  • Erica Lessem
  • Fathali M. Moghaddam

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations