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Exploration, Exploitation, Expansion, and Settlement: Historical Archaeology in Canada

  • Dena Doroszenko
Chapter

Canada’s great geographic expanse has seen archaeological investigations of not only prehistoric occupations but also of sites relating to European exploration and subsequent settlement of areas from the Atlantic to the Pacific coasts as well as to the Arctic areas of the country. As a result, since the nineteenth century, Canadian archaeologists have explored the vast and rich history of archaeological sites of national, provincial, and local heritage interest. Following a discussion of the development of historical archaeology in Canada and the evolution of academic programs focusing on the field, the remainder of the chapter will summarize significant contributions and introduce the reader to some of the major historical archaeological sites in the country. The following broad geographic regions will be used to structure the discussion: the Atlantic region, Quebec and Ontario, the Prairies, and the West Coast

Keywords

Nova Scotia Historical Archaeology Archaeological Investigation Cultural Resource Management Archaeological Work 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This overview could not have been possible without the assistance of my esteemed colleagues across the country. To them I owe great appreciation and gratitude for their patience and guidance during the writing of this brief assessment of historical archaeology in Canada: Steve Mills, formerly with Parks Canada and Memorial University; John Light, Parks Canada, whose loss many feel; Charles Burke, Parks Canada (Atlantic Region); Pierre Beaudet, Parks Canada (Quebec); William Ross (formerly with the Ministry of Culture, Ontario); William Moss, Quebec City; Reginald Auger, Laval University, Montreal; Rob Ferguson, Parks Canada (Atlantic Region); David Burley (Simon Fraser University); and Meagan Brooks (University of Saskatchewan). I am grateful to the following persons for their assistance with the illustrations for this chapter: Margaret Robbins and Statistical Research, Inc., for redrafting Fig. 1; Barry Gaulton and James Tuck for Figs. 2 and 3 from Ferryland; Rebecca Duggan of Parks Canada for Fig. 4; Archaeological Services Inc. for Fig. 5; and Meagan Brooks for Fig. 6.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ontario Heritage TrustTorontoCanada

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