Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Older Adults with Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder, a chronic and often debilitating mental health illness, can involve recurrent episodes of either mania or depression throughout the lifespan (Goodwin & Jamison, 1990). A large percentage of patients with bipolar disorder, have been hospitalized psychiatrically at least once; more than half have been hospitalized twice or more (Lish et al., 1994). The financial burden of this disorder for patients, their families, and society at-large, is extremely high, estimated by some to exceed $45 billion a year (Wyatt & Henter, 1995). Despite extensive research on bipolar disorder in younger individuals, there is limited empirical data pertaining to symptomatology, course, risk factors, and treatment in older adults (Bartels, Forester, Miles, & Joyce, 2000).
KeywordsBipolar Disorder Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Psychosocial Treatment Bipolar Depression Older Adult
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