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Herpes Simplex Virus: Treatment with Antimicrobial Peptides

  • Leonid V. Kovalchuk
  • Ludmila V. Gankovskaya
  • Oksana A. Gankovskaya
  • Vyacheslav F. Lavrov
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 601)

Abstract

The herpes virus infection represents a significant challenge for public health. The innate immunity plays an important role in herpes simplex virus (HSV) elimination. The innate antiviral immunity has not been comprehensively studied. The recent investigations demonstrate that Toll-like receptors are actively involved in the virus recognition. The complement and natural antibodies, as well as cytokines and antimicrobial peptides, are the first molecules to bind to virions. In this chapter, some mechanisms of the innate antiviral immunity are discussed and treatment regimens are proposed. The complex of native cytokines and antimicrobial peptides (CCAP or Superlymph) proved to inhibit the virus reproduction in vitro. Protegrines, as a CCAP component, were active against the virus. Considering all the data, we conclude that the complex of native cytokines and antimicrobial peptides produces both immunomodulating and antiviral effects.

Keywords

Natural Killer Cell Antimicrobial Peptide Herpes Simplex Virus Type Antiviral Effect Genital Herpes 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonid V. Kovalchuk
    • 1
  • Ludmila V. Gankovskaya
    • 1
  • Oksana A. Gankovskaya
    • 2
  • Vyacheslav F. Lavrov
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ImmunologyRussian State Medical UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Department of Viral Infection DiagnosticsMechnikov Research Institute of Vaccines and SeraRussia

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