Latino Partisanship, Political Activity and Vote Choice
The increasing size and potential political power of Latinos in the United States has spawned a host of recent scholarly work on various aspects of Latino political attitudes and behavior. Although Latinos have yet to live up to their billing as the “sleeping giant” of American politics, their presence and influence is increasingly recognized by researchers interested in political attitudes and behavior. This chapter explores the contemporary contours of Latino political participation, including available research on Latinos in general and on specific Latino national-origin groups. Although much still remains to be learned, particularly about Latinos not in the “big three” national-origin groups (Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, and Cubans), as detailed below there is already a considerable amount of scholarship available on how Latinos think and act in the political arena. Although, as is detailed below, there are areas in which scholars disagree, there are some findings about Latino politics that are consistent and increasingly viewed as “truths.” Scholars have also examined how Latinos make vote choice decisions. How important is partisanship and how does this compare to the role of partisanship among non-Latinos? How strong is the tendency to vote for coethnics (fellow Latinos), and is this tendency stronger or weaker than the power of shared partisanship? How important are candidate issue positions and symbolic outreach, such as speaking Spanish while campaigning? Again, debates continue. However, most research indicates that Latinos are willing to cross party and ethnic lines for a candidate they support, either for partisan, ethnic, or other reasons such as ideology and issue positions. Whereas low-education/low-information Latino voters are more likely to use non-policy cues (such as speaking Spanish), high-education/high-information Latino voters are more likely to consider ideology and issue positions.
KeywordsPolitical Participation Democratic Party Party Identification Vote Choice Republican Party
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Abrajano, M. A. (2005). Who Evaluates a Presidential Candidate by Using Non-Policy Campaign Messages? Political Research Quarterly, 58(1), 55–67.Google Scholar
- Abrajano, M. A., Nagler, J., & Alvarez, R. M. (2005). A Natural Experiment of Race-Based and Issue Voting: The 2001 City of Los Angeles Elections. Political Research Quarterly, 58(2), 203–218.Google Scholar
- Alvarez, R. M., & García Bedolla, L. (2003). The Foundations of Latino Voter Partisanship: Evidence from the 2000 Election. Journal of Politics, 65(1), 31–49.Google Scholar
- Arteaga, L. (2000). The Latino Vote 2000: Are Latinos Pro-Democrat or Anti-Republican? An Examination of Party Registration and Allegiance in the 2000 Election And Beyond. Latino Issues Forum report. Retrieved July 19, 2006, from http://www.lif.org/civic/vote_2000.html.
- Bishin, B. G., Kaufmann, K. M., & Stevens, D. P. (2005, September). Turf Wars: How Local Power Struggles Influence Latino Political Socialization and Voting Behavior. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Politics Workshop, Department of Government and Politics, University of Maryland. Retrieved July 7, 2006, www.bsos.umd.edu/gvpt/apworkshop/kaufmann05f.pdf.
- Bueker, C. S. (2005, Spring). Political Incorporation Among Immigrants from Ten Areas of Origin: The Persistence of Source Country Effects. International Migration Review, 39(1), 103–140.Google Scholar
- Cain, B. E., & Kiewiet, D. R. (1984). Ethnicity and Electoral Choice: Mexican American Voting Behavior in the California 30th Congressional District. Social Science Quarterly, 65, 315–327.Google Scholar
- Chun, S., & Grenier, G. J. (2004, November). Anti-Castro Political Ideology Among Cuban Americans in the Miami Area: Cohort and Generational Differences. Latino Research @ ND. 2(1), 1–3. Retrieved July 7, 2006, from http://www.nd.edu/latino/research/pubs/Grenchun.pdf#4.pdf.
- Converse, P. E. (1976). The Dynamics of Party Support: Cohort-Analyzing Party Identification. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
- Day, J., Jamieson, A., & Shin, H. B. (2002, February). Voting and Registration in the Election of November 2000 (U.S. Census Bureau). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1.Google Scholar
- de la Garza, R. O., DeSipio, L., Garcia, F. C., Garcia, J., & Falcón, A. (1992). Latino Voices: Mexican, Puerto Rican, and Cuban Perspectives on American Politics. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
- DeSipio, L. (1996). Counting on the Latino Vote: Latinos as a New Electorate. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia.Google Scholar
- DeSipio, L., Pachon, H., de la Garza, R.O., & Lee, J. (2003, March). Immigrant Politics at Home and Abroad: How Latino Immigrants Engage the Politics of their Home Communities and the United States, Tomás Rivera Policy Institute Report, Los Angeles.Google Scholar
- García Bedolla, L., Alvarez, M. A., & Nagler, J. (2006, March). Anglo and Latino Vote Choice in the 2004 Election. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Western Political Science Association, Albuquerque, NM.Google Scholar
- Graves, S., & Lee, J. (2000). Ethnic Underpinnings of Voting Preference: Latinos and the 1996 U.S. Senate Election in Texas. Social Science Quarterly, 81(1), 226–236.Google Scholar
- Hajnal, Z., & Lee, T. (2006). Out of Line: Immigration and Party Identification Among Asian Americans and Latinos. In Taeku Lee, Kathrick Ramakrishnan, & Ricardo Ramírez (Eds.), Transforming Politics, Transforming America: The Political and Civic Incorporation of Immigrants in the United States (pp. 129–150). Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press.Google Scholar
- Kaufmann, K. (2003). Black and Latino Voters in Denver: Responses to Each Other’s Political Leadership. Political Science Quarterly, 118(1), 107–126.Google Scholar
- Kelly, N. J., & Kelly, J. M. (2005). Religion and Latino Partisanship in the United States. Political Research Quarterly, 58(1), 87–95.Google Scholar
- Kosmin, B. A., & Keysar, A. (1995). Political Party Preferences of U.S. Hispanics: The Varying Impact of Religion, Social Class and Demographic Factors. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 18(2), 336–347.Google Scholar
- Leal, D. L. (2002, April). Political Participation by Latino Non-Citizens in the United States. British Journal of Political Science, 32(2), 353–370.Google Scholar
- Leal, D. L., Barreto, M. A., Lee, J., & de la Garza, R. O. (2005). The Latino Vote in the 2004 Election. PS: Political Science and Politics, 38(1), 41–49.Google Scholar
- Lopez, M. H. (2003, December). Electoral Engagement Among Latinos. Report prepared for the Institute of Latino Studies at University of Notre Dame. Retrieved July 7, 2006, from www.nd.edu/ latino/research/pubs/.
- Michelson, M. R. (2006b). Mobilizing Latino Voters for a Ballot Proposition. Latino(a) Research Review 6(1–2), 33–49.Google Scholar
- Michelson, M. R., & Pallares, A. (2001). The Politicization of Chicago Mexican Americans: Naturalization, the Vote, and Perceptions of Discrimination. Aztlan, 26(2), 63–85.Google Scholar
- Moreno, D. (1997). The Cuban Model: Political Empowerment in Miami. In F. C. García (Ed.), Pursuing Power: Latinos and the U.S. Political System (pp. 208–226). Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.Google Scholar
- Pachon, H., & DeSipio, L. (1994). New Americans by Choice: Political Perspectives of Latino Immigrants. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
- Pantoja, A. D., Ramírez, R., & Segura, G. M. (2001). Citizens by Choice, Voters by Necessity: Patterns in Political Mobilization by Naturalized Latinos. Political Research Quarterly, 54(4), 729–750.Google Scholar
- Tavres, D. (2004). A Study of Dominican-American Voter Capacity. Report for the Dominican American National Roundtable. Retrieved July 7, 2006, from dr1.com/business/dominican_american/.Google Scholar
- Uhlaner, C. J. (2002, July). The Impact of Perceived Representation on Latino Political Participation. Center for the Study of Democracy 02–06, University of California, Irvine.Google Scholar
- Uhlaner, C. J., & Garcia, F. C. (1998, June). Foundations of Latino Party Identification: Learning, Ethnicity and Demographic Factors Among Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans and Anglos in the United States. Center for the Study of Democracy 98–06, University of California, Irvine.Google Scholar
- U.S. Census Bureau. (2006). Current Population Survey, November 2004 (P20–556). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
- U.S. Census Bureau. (2006). Voting and Registration in the Election of November 2004. Current Population Reports P20–556. March.Google Scholar
- Vargas-Ramos, C. (2003). The Political Participation of Puerto Ricans in New York City. Centro: Journal of the Center for Puerto Rican Studies, 15(1), 41–71.Google Scholar
- Verba, S., & Nie, N. H. (1972). Participation in America: Political Democracy and Social Equality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Verba, S., Schlozman, K. H., & Brady, H. E. (1995). Voice and Equality: Civic Voluntarism in American Politics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Wolfinger, R. E., & Rosenstone, S. J. (1980). Who Votes? New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar