Citizenship, Social Capital, and Spatial Assimilation of Highly Skilled Labor and Location Choice
In this chapter, we explain the differences in the location choices of science and engineering (S&E) PhDs who are native born versus those who are naturalized American citizens. Specifically, we compare these two groups as to their likelihood of staying in a specific state. A comparison of these two groups is interesting in that they might be very different in their respective cultures and hence in their behavior in selecting locations in which to work and live. Further, the mobility pattern of these two groups is likely to affect the supply of human capital in certain U.S. locations and hence have a strong impact on the country’s educational and regional policies.
Naturalized American citizens can be described as first-generation U.S. immigrants, who are thereby not restricted by the conditions imposed by work visas such as H1-B. Hence, their patterns of assimilation in the United States have important economic implications. In contrast, H1-B visa holders are subject to...
KeywordsSocial Capital Retention Rate Location Choice Spatial Assimilation West North Central
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