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“Alternative Archaeologies” in Historical Perspective

  • Bruce G. Trigger

In 1984, I never imagined that 20 years later I would be participating in an SAA seminar that would select “Alternative Archaeologies: Nationalist, Colonialist, Imperialist” as a point of departure for discussing subsequent developments in archaeology. Since that time, classifications of archaeologies have proliferated. French archaeologists have distinguished “national archaeologies” from “nationalist” ones (Fleury-Ilett 1996) and the term “continental archaeology” has been invented to recognize the deep interest that many European archaeologists share in the prehistory of their continent (Morris 1994:11). “Third World archaeology” has been defined as a type of archaeology that develops in postcolonial nations (Chakrabarti 2001:1191–1193). It has also been observed that countries such as Spain have produced “regional” in addition to, or perhaps instead of, nationalist archaeologies (Díaz-Andreu 1996:86), while David Kojan and Dante Angelo (2005)2 present a powerful regionalist challenge to the official, centralizing narrative of prehistory that grounds Bolivia as a nation state. Matthew Spriggs (1992) writes about “micronational” as well as “regional” and “national” prehistories. Recent studies of Israeli archaeology reveal not one but a growing number of competing archaeologies, each promoting a rival concept of Israeli nationhood (Abu El-Haj 2001; Finkelstein & Silberman 2001).

Keywords

Archaeological Data World Archaeology Archaeological Interpretation Archaeological Theory Community Archaeology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruce G. Trigger
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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