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Electromagnetic Attacks and Countermeasures

  • Pankaj Rohatgi

Introduction and History

EM is a side-channel with a long history of rumors and leaks associated with its use for espionage. It is well known that defense organizations across the world are paranoid about limiting EM emanations from their equipment and facilities and conduct research on EM attacks and defenses in total secrecy. In the United States, such work is classified under the codename “TEMPEST” which is believed to be an acronym for “transient electromagnetic pulse emanation standard”. In January 2001, in response to a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request, some documents related to TEMPEST such as NACSIM 5000 tempest fundamentals, NACSEM 5112 NONSTOP evaluation techniques and NSTISSI no. 7000 TEMPEST countermeasures for facilities were released in redacted form and can be downloaded from the website http://www.cryptome.org.

In the public domain, the significance of the EM side-channel was first demonstrated by van Eck in 1985 [ 11]. He showed that EM emanations from...

Keywords

Smart Card Clock Signal Simple Power Analysis Montgomery Multiplication Wideband Radio 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IBM T. J. Watson Research CenterWatson

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