Getting Network Simulation Basics Right – A Note on Seed Setting Effects for the ns-2 Random Number Generator

  • Martina Umlauft
  • Peter Reichl
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 44)


The ns-2 network simulator is one of the most widely used packet network simulators. Since version 2.1b9, it uses the MRG32k3a random number generator (RNG) proposed by L’Ecuyer, replacing the previous minimal standard multiplicative linear congruential generator by Park and Miller to remedy the problems of sensitivity to seeds and short-period length. Unfortunately, due to bad documentation and re-use of old scripts many people still wrongly use the old API functions to explicitly set seeds. While the old RNG required this, in the current MRG32k3 implementation the same approach leads to overriding the automatic seed generation of the new generator which can result in correlation between the generated random values. Using a wired and a wireless scenario we illustrate possible effects on simulation results. As the ns-2 community relies heavily on exchanging hints and scripts, which keep re-infecting the knowledge-base even years after the introduction of the new RNG we believe that this might affect the majority of all ns-2 simulation results currently published.


Random Number Generator Replication Number Average Queue Length Current Replication Linear Congruential Generator 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This research has been partly funded by the Austrian Federal Ministry for Education, Science, and Culture, and the European Social Fund (ESF) under grant 31.963/46-VII/9/2002 and partly by the Austrian Kplus competence center program. Figures 28 reprinted from [13] with kind permission by IEEE.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Women’s Postgraduate College for Internet TechnologiesVienna University of TechnologyViennaAustria
  2. 2.Telecommunications Research Center Vienna (FTW)ViennaAustria

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