Hispanics and Cultural Bias: Test Development and Applications
The cultural and ethnic landscapes of the United States (U.S.) are becoming increasingly more diverse, as noted in Chapter 2. Although large-scale migrations historically have exhibited geographical predilection, diversity is no longer manifested only in selected border towns or large metropolitan areas, since small cities and suburbs across the country are reflecting an increasingly diverse population, particularly large-scale increases in the Hispanic population. The effects of multiculturalism are acutely felt in the decision-making processes associated with educational placement, diagnostic formulation, legal proceedings, and treatment planning. Clearly, the important role that neuropsychological evaluations play in the aforementioned decision-making processes will only continue to be effective if the impact of bias in neuropsychological practice, and in particular, test bias, is adequately addressed. For decades neuropsychology has grappled with the effects of such potential biases.
KeywordsPositive Predictive Value Negative Predictive Value Base Rate Differential Item Functioning Item Response Theory
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