Geoinformation Technologies to Support Collaborative Emergency Management
In today’s emergency management environments geoinformation technologies play a vital role, but their potential has not been fully exploited. Key decision makers usually do not have direct access to Geographic Information Systems and if they receive access, complex user interfaces often hinder performance for high pressure tasks. In order to provide decision makers with direct and easy access to geoinformation in emergency situations and support group collaboration, we developed three collaborative geoinformation platforms: the Multimodal Interface Platform for Geographic Information Systems (GeoMIP), the GeoCollaborative Crisis Management platform for mobile collaboration and a web-portal for humanitarian relief logistics. The technologies developed are intelligent, multimodal (speech and gesture-based) user interfaces that allow synchronous and asynchronous collaboration between decision makers; support GIS use by mobile emergency management teams; and provide open standards-based web portal technologies.
KeywordsGeographic Information System Emergency Management Homeland Security Federal Emergency Management Agency Geospatial Data
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