Drug Courts pp 51-72 | Cite as

The Sociologic Basis of Drug and Alcohol Addiction

  • Noosha Niv


The sociologic model of addiction emphasizes the impact of environment and social relations on the development of addictive disorders. Developmental theories assert that socialization occurs in the context of primary relationships. Hence, this chapter focuses on the roles of parents, siblings, spouses, and peers as etiologic factors in the development and maintenance of addiction. Environmental stressors, including childhood abuse and neglect, exposure to violence, and poverty, are also examined as risk factors for substance use disorders. Other environmental factors, such as lack of appropriate law enforcement and societal attitudes and messages about substance use, have also been implicated in addiction. However, a review of these greater causes is beyond the scope of this chapter.


Parental Monitoring Young Sibling Adolescent Substance Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry Adolescent Alcohol 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Noosha Niv
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral SciencesDavid Geffen School of Medicine at UCLALos AngelesUSA

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