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Drug Courts pp 247-254 | Cite as

Drug Testing Scams

  • Richard L. McIntire
  • James E. Lessenger

Abstract

A variety of scams are employed by drug court clients to circumvent the drug collection process and avoid detection of their drug use. There are five main ways in which clients attempt to avoid detection in drug testing (1):
  1. 1.

    Adulteration.

     
  2. 2.

    Tampering.

     
  3. 3.

    Substitution.

     
  4. 4.

    Impostors.

     
  5. 5.

    Bribes and threats.

     
We review these methods in this chapter.

Keywords

Drug Test Drug Court Urine Drug Test Court Program Household Chemical 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Lessenger JE, McIntire R. Unpublished data. March 31, 2006.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kerns DL, Stopperan WI. Keys to a successful program. Occup Health Saf 2000;69(10):230, 232–234.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Schwarzhoff R, Cody JT. The effects of adulterating agents on FPIA analysis of urine for drugs of abuse. J Anal Toxicol 1993;17(1):14–17.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mikkelsen SL, Ash KO. Adulterants causing false negatives in illicit drug testing. Clin Chem 1998; 34(11):2333–2336.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    DuPont RL. Medicines and drug testing in the workplace. J Psychoactive Drugs 1990;22(4):451–459.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard L. McIntire
    • 1
  • James E. Lessenger
    • 2
  1. 1.Global Testing ServicesPortervilleUSA
  2. 2.Solano County, BeniciaUSA

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