Modeling the Social Benefits of Urban Parks for Users
Monitoring quality of life has become an extremely crucial subject for discussion in both developed and developing countries. There are two main topics that stem from these debates: defining concepts such as quality of life, environmental quality, and sustainability; and developing methods and approaches to assess the quality of a living environment. These issues have been synthesized well by Irene Van Kamp (2003, 2004), who remarked on the need for a conceptual multidisciplinary and shared framework for approaching environmental quality and quality of life issues. She also pointed out the strong link between conceptual frameworks and assessment tools.
Here we focus on assessing the quality of public urban greening as a service for the population, since it is considered an important resource for maintaining the quality of the urban environment. We approach this issue in the same way as Pacione (2001, 2003), who stated that quality of life is the result of complex interactions between spatial, structural, and social factors. On the whole, it is recognized that the achievement of a high quality of life is correlated with the satisfaction of human needs, these being primary (food, housing, health, education) and secondary (recreation, higher education). Meeting these needs is strongly linked to social, economic, and cultural contexts, but, at the same time, it is recognized that the availability of public services is a key aspect of living quality, and that it is important to establish methods for evaluating the extent to which services can supply people’s needs (Pacione, 2001; van Kamp, 2003).
KeywordsUser Group Green Space Social Benefit Urban Forest Urban Park
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