Kapustin Yar, on the banks of the Volga, where German A-4s were first tested, also known as the “Volgograd station”. It is rarely used now.
Plesetsk, in the north near the town of Mirny, originally a missile base and then used mainly for military launchings.
Baikonour, in Kazakhstan, the best known, from which manned, lunar, inter? planetary and geosynchronous missions are launched. In recent years, new cosmodromes have been developed:
Svobodny Blagoveschensk, an old missile base in the far east, for small satellites.
Yasny/Dombarovska, in the southern Urals, another old missile base. In addition, two maritime sites were used: li
There are two main recovery zones: Arkalyk in Kazakhstan and Orenburg in southern Russia and these are also examined. The chapter concludes with an examination of other ground facilities, including Star Town, mission control and the tracking system.
KeywordsInternational Space Station European Space Agency Space Program Design Bureau Mission Control
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- William P. Barry: The missile design bureaux and Soviet manned space policy, 1953–1970. Doctoral thesis, Merton College, University of Oxford, 1996.Google Scholar
- Speth, Roland S.: The Baikonour cosmodrome. Spaceflight, vol. 43, April 2001.Google Scholar
- Harpole, Tom: White elephant. Air & Space, December 2002/January 2003.Google Scholar
- George C. Larson: Leroy’s launch. Air & Space, June/July 2005; Sotham, John: Baikonour. Air & Space, February/March 2001.Google Scholar
- De Angelis, Laurent: Soyuz in the jungle, from Brian Harvey (ed.): 2007 Space exploration annual, Springer/Praxis, 2006.Google Scholar
- Strom, Steven R.: International launch site guide. The Aerospace Corporation with the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, El Segundo, California and Reston, Virginia, 2005.Google Scholar
- Mellow, Craig: Aiming for Arkalyk. Air & Space, August/September 1998.Google Scholar
- Lardier, Christian: La panne du Soyouz TMA-1 analysée. Air & Cosmos, #1893, 6 juin 2003.Google Scholar
- Da Costa, Neil: A private trip into space: Gregory Olsen—the third “space flight participant”. Spaceflight, vol. 48, no. 2, February 2006.Google Scholar
- Grigoriev, Anatoli; Bogomolov, Vaery; Goncharov, Igor; Alferova, Irina; Katuntsev, Vladimir and Osipov, Yuri: Main results of medical support to the crews of the International Space Station. Paper presented to International Astronautical Federation, Valencia, Spain, s2006.Google Scholar
- Phillip S. Clark: Final equator crossings and landing sites of CIS satellites. Journal of the British Interplanetary Society, vol. 55, no. 1–2, January–February 2002.Google Scholar
- Rex D. Hall, David J. Shayler and Bert Vis: Russia’s cosmonauts—inside the Yuri Gagarin Training Center. Springer/Praxis, 2005.Google Scholar
- Oberg, Jim: Does Mars need women? Russians say no. MSNBC, 11th February 2005.Google Scholar
- Covault, Craig: Station bridge. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 26th June 2006.Google Scholar
- Lardier, Christian: La Russie ouvre Golitsyno 2. Air & Cosmos, #1931, 9 avril 2004.Google Scholar
- Zak, Anatoli: Ground control stations (KIK), www.russianspaceweb.com/kik Google Scholar
- History of the Okno space monitoring facility. Russian television, Channel 1, broadcast 31st October 2006.Google Scholar
- Keith Gottshalk: South Africa—satellite command and control center. Posting on Friends and Partners in Space, 29th October 2006.Google Scholar
- Hendrickx, Bart: A history of Soviet/Russian meteorological satellites. Journal of the British Interplanetary Society, Space Chronicle series, vol. 57, no. 1, 2004.Google Scholar