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Introduction

A United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) survey shows that the average American consumes only 15.4 g of dietary fiber per day (United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service [USDA-ARS], 1997). Using a 2,500 cal per day diet as a reference, this is only 52% of the United States Food & Drug Administration's (FDA) Daily Reference Value for dietary fiber of 11.5 g of fiber per 1000 cal (Food and Drug Administration [FDA], 1999). Although a thorough discussion of the eating habits that led to this fiber “deficiency” is beyond the scope of this chapter, Cordain et al. (2005) identified seven nutritional characteristics, including a reduction in fiber consumption, that have changed over the course of time, in the human diet. These changes have occurred over time as society has shifted from a primarily hunter/gatherer base thru an agricultural period and into an industrialized era. The types of food we eat and the methods used to prepare and...

Keywords

Dietary Fiber Meat Product Soluble Fiber Insoluble Fiber Meat Batter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jon M. Bodner
    • 1
  • Jürgen Sieg
    • 2
  1. 1.Applications & Market DevelopmentJ. Rettenmaier USA LPUSA
  2. 2.Food DivisionJ. Rettenmaier & Söhne GmbH + Co KGRosenbergGermany

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