Advertisement

Social Capital and Public Health

Qualitative and Ethnographic Approaches
  • Rob Whitley

Abstract

Qualitative research is a broad umbrella term encompassing several specific methods and paradigms that rely on the collection, analysis and interpretation of non-statistical data. This is gathered principally through researcher-participant interaction and observation in real life settings (Whitley & Crawford, 2005). Qualitative research generally aims for depth rather than breadth in description and analysis, with researchers becoming closely acquainted with one particular community or study setting. The main methods utilized in qualitative research (either in conjunction or isolation) are interviews, focus groups and (participant) observation. These methods are particularly useful in accessing the lived day-to-day experience of the relevant population, allowing investigators to intimately explore and understand phenomena from a “native” point of view.

Keywords

Focus Group Social Capital Qualitative Study Qualitative Research Ethnic Identity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Almedom, A. M. (2005). Social capital and mental health: an interdisciplinary review of primary evidence. Social Science and Medicine, 61, 943—964.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Altschuler, A., Somkin, C. P., & Adler, N. E. (2004). Local services and amenities, neigh-borhood social capital, and health. Social Science and Medicine, 59, 1219–1229.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Baum, F. (2000). Social capital: Is it good for your health? Issues for a public health agenda. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 53, 195–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Baum, F., & Palmer, C. (2002). Opportunity structures: Urban landscape, social capital and health promotion in Australia. Health Promotion International, 17, 351–361.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Benoit, C., Carroll, D., & Chaudhry, M. (2003). In search of a healing place: aboriginal women in Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside. Social Science and Medicine, 56, 821—833.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Boneham, M. A., & Sixsmith, J. A. (2006). The voices of older women in a disadvantaged community: Issues of health and social capital. Social Science and Medicine, 62, 269–279.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Bourdieu, P. (1986). The forms of capital. In J. G. Richardson (Ed.), Handbook of theory and research for the sociology of education (pp. 241–258). New York: Greenwood.Google Scholar
  8. Campbell, C., & Gillies, P. (2001). Conceptualising ‘social capital’ for health promotion in small local communities: a micro-qualitative study. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 11, 329–346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Campbell, C., & McClean, C. (2002). Ethnic identities, social capital and health inequali-ties: Factors shaping African-Caribbean participation in local community networks in the UK. Social Science and Medicine, 55, 643–657.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Campbell, C., Cornish, F., & McClean, C. (2004). Social capital, participation and the perpetuation of health inequalities: obstacles to African-Caribbean participation in ‘partnerships’ to improve mental health. Ethnicity and Health, 9, 313–335.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Cattell, V. (2001). Poor places, poor people, and poor health: the mediating role of social networks and social capital. Social Science and Medicine, 52, 1501–1516.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Davey-Smith, G., & Lynch, J. (2004). Commentary: Social capital, social epidemiology and disease aetiology. International Journal of Epidemiology, 33, 691–700CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (2000). Handbook of qualitative research. Thousand Oaks CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  14. De Silva, M. J., Harpham, T., Tuan, T., Bartolini, R., Penny, M. E., Huttly, S. R. (2006). Psychometric and cognitive validation of a social capital measurement tool in Peru and Vietnam. Social Science and Medicine, 62, 941–953.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. De Tocqueville, A. (1961). Democracy in America. New York NY: Schocken Books.Google Scholar
  16. Fadiman, A. (1997). The spirit catches you and you fall down: A Hmong child, her American doctors, and the collision of two cultures. New York: Noonday Press.Google Scholar
  17. Frohlich, K. L., Corin, E., & Potvin, L. (2001). A theoretical proposal for the relationship between context and disease. Sociology of Health and Illness, 23, 776—797.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Fukuyama, F. (1995). Trust: The social virtues and the creation of prosperity. New York NY: The Free Press.Google Scholar
  19. Glaser, B., & Strauss, A. (1967). The discovery of grounded theory. Chicago IL: Aldine.Google Scholar
  20. Goffman, E. (1961). Asylums. New York: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  21. Graham, H. (1993). When life’s a drag: Women, smoking and disadvantage. London: HMSO.Google Scholar
  22. Halpern, D. (2004). Social capital. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  23. Kleinman, A. (1986). Social origins of distress and disease: depression, neurasthenia and pain in modern China. New Haven CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Kunitz, S. (2004). Social capital and health. British Medical Bulletin, 69, 61–73.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Mackinko, J., & Starfield, B. (2001). The utility of social capital in research on health determinants. Milbank quarterly, 79, 387–427.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Miles, M., & Huberman, A. (1994). Qualitative data analysis. Thousand Oaks CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  27. Muntaner, C. (2004). Commentary: Social capital, social class, and the slow progress of psychosocial epidemiology. International Journal of Epidemiology, 33, 674–680.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Navarro, V. (2004). Commentary: Is capital the solution or the problem? International Journal of Epidemiology, 33, 672—674.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Portes, A. (1998). Social capital: Its origins and applications in modern sociology. Annual Review of Sociology, 24, 1–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Putnam, R. (1993). Making democracy work; civic traditions in modern Italy. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Raphael, D., Renwick, R., Brown, I. Steinmety, B., Sehder, H., Philliphs, S. (2001). Making the link between community structure and individual well-being: Community quality of life in Riverdale, Toronto, Canada. Health and Place, 7, 179–196.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Spradley, J. P. (1980). Participant observation. London: Thomas Learning.Google Scholar
  33. Whitley, R., & Prince, M. (2005). Is there a link between rates of common mental disorder and deficits in social capital in Gospel Oak, London? Results from a qualitative study. Health and Place, 11, 237–248.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Whitley, R., & Crawford, M. (2005). Qualitative Research in Psychiatry. Canadian Jour-nal of Psychiatry, 50, 108–114.Google Scholar
  35. Whitley, R., & McKenzie, K. (2005). Social capital and psychiatry: Review of the litera-ture. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 13, 71–84.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Yen, I. H., & Syme, S. L. (1999). The social environment and health. Annual Review of Public Health, 20, 287–308.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Ziersch, A. M., Baum, F. E., & MacDougall, C. (2005). Neighbourhood life and social capital: the implications for health. Social Science and Medicine, 60, 71–86.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rob Whitley
    • 1
  1. 1.Dartmouth Medical School/Dartmouth Psychiatric Research CenterLebanonUSA

Personalised recommendations