Advertisement

Size Information in the Production and Perception of Communication Sounds

  • Roy D. Patterson
  • David R.R. Smith
  • Ralph van Dinther
  • Thomas C. Walters
Part of the Springer Handbook of Auditory Research book series (SHAR, volume 29)

Keywords

Pulse Rate Psychometric Function Vocal Tract Source Size Size Information 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alcántara JI, Moore1 BCJ (1995) The identification of vowel-like harmonic complexes: Effect of component phase, level and fundamental frequency. J Acoust Soc Am 97:3813–3824.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Assmann PF, Katz WF (2005) Synthesis fidelity and time-varying spectral change in vowels. J Acoust Soc Am 117:886–895.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beckford NS, Rood SR, Schaid D (1985) Androgen stimulation and laryngeal development. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 94: 634–640.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Boersma P (2001) Praat, a system for doing phonetics by computer. Glot Int 5(9/10): 341–345.Google Scholar
  5. Chiba T, Kajiyama M (1942) The Vowel: Its Nature and Structure. Tokyo: Tokyo-Kaiseikan.Google Scholar
  6. Cohen L (1993) The scale transform. IEEE Trans Acoust Speech Signal Proc 41:3275–3292.Google Scholar
  7. Cooke M (2006) A glimpsing model of speech perception in noise. J Acoust Soc Am 119:1562–1573.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Drennan W (1998) Sources of variation in profile analysis: Individual differences, extended training, roving level, component spacing and dynamic contour. PhD thesis, Indiana University.Google Scholar
  9. Fant G (1970) Acoustic Theory of Speech Production, 2nd ed. Paris: Mouton.Google Scholar
  10. Fitch WT, Giedd J (1999) Morphology and development of the human vocal tract: A study using magnetic resonance imaging. J Acoust Soc Am 106:1511–1522.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fitch WT, Reby D (2001) The descended larynx is not uniquely human. Proc R Soc Lond B 268:1669–1675.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fletcher NH, Rossing TD (1998) The Physics of Musical Instruments. New York: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  13. Gomersall P, Walters T, Turner R, Patterson RD (2004) The relative contribution of glottal pulse rate and vocal tract length in size discrimination judgements. Poster presented at the British Society of Audiology meeting, Sept. London (available on the CNBH Website: http://www.pdn.cam.ac.uk/cnbh/).Google Scholar
  14. González, J (2004) Formant frequencies and body size of speaker: A weak relationship in adult humans. J Phonet 32:277–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Goto M, Hashiguchi H, Nishimura T, Oka R (2003) RWC music database: Music genre database and musical instrument sound database. In ISMIR is International Symposium on Music Information Retrieval. pp. 229–230.Google Scholar
  16. Green DM (1988) Profile Analysis. London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Hollien H, Green R, Massey K (1994) Longitudinal research on adolescent voice change in males. J Acoust Soc Am 96:3099–3111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Huber JE, Stathopoulos ET, Curione GM, Ash T, Johnson K (1999) Formants of children, women and men: The effects of vocal intensity variation. J Acoust Soc Am 106:1532–1542.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Irino T, Patterson RD (2002) Segregating information about the size and shape of the vocal tract using a time-domain auditory model: The stabilized wavelet-Mellin transform. Speech Commun 36:181–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ives DT, Smith, DRR, Patterson RD (2005) Discrimination of speaker size from syllable phrases. J Acoust Soc Am 118:3816–3822.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kawahara H, Irino T (2004) Underlying principles of a high-quality speech manipulation system STRAIGHT and its application to speech segregation. In: Divenyi P (ed) Speech Segregation by Humans and Machines. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic, pp. 167–180.Google Scholar
  22. Kawahara H, Masuda-Kasuse I, de Cheveigne A (1999) Restructuring speech representations using pitch-adaptive time-frequency smoothing and instantaneous-frequency-based F0 extraction: Possible role of repetitive structure in sounds. Speech Commun 27(3–4):187–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Krumbholz K, Patterson RD, Pressnitzer D (2000) The lower limit of pitch as determined by rate discrimination. J Acoust Soc Am 108:1170–1180.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Künzel HJ (1989) How well does average fundamental frequency correlate with speaker height and weight? Phonetica 46:117–125.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ladefoged P, Broadbent DE (1957) Information conveyed by vowels. J Acoust Soc Am 29:98–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Lass NJ, Brown WS (1978) Correlational study of speakers, heights, weights, body surface areas and speaking fundamental frequencies. J Acoust Soc Am 63:1218–1220.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Leek MR, Dorman MF, Summerfield Q (1987) Minimum spectral contrast for vowel identification by normal-hearing and hearing-impaired listeners. J Acoust Soc Am 81:148–154.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Licklider JCR (1951) A duplex theory of pitch perception. Experientia 7:128–133.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Liu C, Kewley-Port D (2004) STRAIGHT: A new speech synthesizer for vowel formant discrimination. ARLO 5:31–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lloyd RJ (1890) Speech sounds: Their nature and causation (I). Phoneticia Studien 3:251-278.Google Scholar
  31. Marcus SM (1981) Acoustic determinants of perceptual centre (P-centre) location. Percept Psychophys 30:247–256.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Meddis R, Hewitt MJ (1991) Virtual pitch and phase sensitivity of a computer model of the auditory periphery. I: Pitch identification. J Acoust Soc Am 89:2866–2882.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Miller GA (1947) Sensitivity to changes in the intensity of white noise and its relation to masking and loudness. J Acoust Soc Am 19:609–619.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Miller JD (1989) Auditory-perceptual interpretation of the vowel. J Acoust Soc Am 85:2114–2133.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Owren MJ, Anderson JD (2005) Voices of athletes reveal only modest acoustic correlates of stature. J Acoust Soc Am 117:2375.Google Scholar
  36. Patterson RD (1994) The sound of a sinusoid: Time-interval models. J Acoust Soc Am 96:1419–1428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Patterson RD, Holdsworth J (1996) A functional model of neural activity patterns and auditory images. In: Ainsworth WA (ed) Advances in Speech, Hearing and Language Processing, Vol. 3, Part B. London: JAI Press.Google Scholar
  38. Patterson RD, Robinson K, Holdsworth J, McKeown D, Zhang C, Allerhand MH (1992) Complex sounds and auditory images. In: Cazals Y, Demany L, Horner K (eds) Auditory Physiology and Perception, Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Hearing. Oxford: Pergamon Press, pp. 429–446.Google Scholar
  39. Patterson RD, Allerhand M, Giguére C (1995) Time domain modeling of peripheral auditory processing: A modular architecture and a software platform. J Acoust Soc Am 98:1890–1894.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Patterson RD, Anderson TR, Francis K (2006) Binaural auditory images for noise-resistant speech recognition. In: Ainsworth W, Greenberg S (eds) Listening to Speech: An Auditory perspective. The Publisher, LEA, is Lawrence Erlbaum Associates City is Mahwah, NJ pp. 257–269.Google Scholar
  41. Peterson GE, Barney HL (1952) Control methods used in the study of vowels. J Acoust Soc Am 24:175–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Pressnitzer D, Patterson RD, Krumbholz K (2001) The lower limit of melodic pitch. J Acoust Soc Am 109:2074–2084.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Reimann HM (2006) Invariance principles for cochlear mechanics: Hearing phases. J Acoust Soc Am 119:997–1004.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Rendall D, Vokey JR, Nemeth C, Ney C (2005) Reliable but weak voice-formant cues to body size in men but not women. J Acoust Soc Am 117:2372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Ritsma RJ, Hoekstra A (1974) Frequency selectivity and the tonal residue. In: Zwicker E, Terhardt E (eds) Facts and Models in Hearing. Berlin: Springer, pp. 156–163.Google Scholar
  46. Schouten JF (1938) The perception of subjective tones. Proc Kon Ned Akad Wetensch 41:1086–1093.Google Scholar
  47. Scott SK (1993) P-centres in speech an acoustic analysis. PhD thesis, University College London.Google Scholar
  48. Slaney M, Lyon RF (1990) A perceptual pitch detector. In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, Signal Processing, Albuquerque, New Mexico.Google Scholar
  49. Smith DRR, Patterson RD (2005) The interaction of glottal-pulse rate and vocal-tract length in judgements of speaker size, sex and age. J Acoust Soc Am 118:3177–3186.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Smith DRR, Patterson RD, Turner R, Kawahara H, Irino T (2005) The processing and perception of size information in speech sounds. J Acoust Soc Am 117:305–318.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Spiegel MF, Picardi MC, Green DM (1981) Signal and masker uncertainty in intensity discrimination. J Acoust Soc Am 70:1015–1019.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Sprague MW (2000) The single sonic twitch model for the sound production mechanism in the weakfish, Cynoscion regalis. J Acoust Soc Am 108:2430–2437.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Terhardt E (1974) Pitch, consonance, and harmony. J Acoust Soc Am 55:1061–1069.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Thurlow WR, Small AM Jr (1955) Pitch perception for certain periodic auditory stimuli. J Acoust Soc Am 27:132–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Titze IR (1989) Physiologic and acoustic differences between male and female voices. J Acoust Soc Am 85:1699–1707.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Turner RE, Al-Hames MA, Smith DRR, Kawahara H, Irino T, Patterson RD (2006) Vowel normalisation: Time-domain processing of the internal dynamics of speech. In: Divenyi P, Greenberg S, Meyer G. (eds) Dynamics of Speech Production and Perception. Amsterdam: IOS Press, pp. 153–170.Google Scholar
  57. van Dinther R, Patterson RD (2006) Perception of acoustic scale and size in musical instrument sounds. J Acoust Soc Am 120:2158–2176.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Welling L, Ney H (2002) Speaker adaptive modelling by vocal tract normalization. IEEE Trans Speech Audio Process 10:415–426.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Yang C-S, Kasuya H (1995) Dimension differences in the vocal tract shapes measured from MR images across boy, female and male subjects. J Acoust Soc Jpn E 16:41–44.Google Scholar
  60. Yost WA, Patterson RD, Sheft S (1996) A time-domain description for the pitch strength of iterated rippled noise. J Acoust Soc Am 99:1066–1078.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roy D. Patterson
  • David R.R. Smith
  • Ralph van Dinther
  • Thomas C. Walters

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations