Sugarcane: A Major Source of Sweetness, Alcohol, and Bio-energy

  • Angélique D’Hont
  • Glaucia Mendes Souza
  • Marcelo Menossi
  • Michel Vincentz
  • Marie-Anne Van-Sluys
  • Jean Christophe Glaszmann
  • Eugênio Ulian
Part of the Plant Genetics and Genomics: Crops and Models book series (PGG, volume 1)


Sugarcane is an important tropical crop having C4 carbohydrate metabolism which, allied with its perennial nature, makes it one of the most productive cultivated plants. It is mostly used to produce sugar, accounting for almost two thirds of world production. Recently it has gained increased attention because of its important potential for bio-fuel production. However, sugarcane has one of the more complex crop genomes, which has long hampered the development of sugarcane genetics to support breeding for crop improvement programs. Sugarcane belongs to the genus Saccharum L, part of the Poaceae familly (Grasses) and the Andropogonae tribe, which encompasses only polyploid species.With the advent of molecular genomics, the sugarcane genome has become less mysterious, although its complexity has been confirmed in many aspects. Shortcuts to genomic analyses have been identified thanks to synteny conservation with other grasses, in particular sorghum and rice. Over time, new tools have become available for understanding the molecular bases behind sugarcane productivity and a renewed interest has surfaced in its genetics and physiology.


Modern Cultivar Sugarcane Cultivar Restriction Fragment Length Poly Transgenic Sugarcane Plant Modern Sugarcane Cultivar 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angélique D’Hont
    • 1
  • Glaucia Mendes Souza
  • Marcelo Menossi
  • Michel Vincentz
  • Marie-Anne Van-Sluys
  • Jean Christophe Glaszmann
  • Eugênio Ulian
  1. 1.CIRAD, (Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement)France

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