Advertisement

Raspberry Breeding

  • Julie Graham
  • Nikki Jennings
Chapter

World Production

Raspberries are grown in many parts of the world with production estimated at 482,763 MT (in 2005) (http:/ FAOSTAT.FAO.ORG). Europe is estimated to produce around half of all production (RubusidaeusL.). This is an important high-value horticultural industry in many European countries, providing employment directly in agriculture, and indirectly in food processing and confectionary. Most raspberry production is concentrated in the northern and central European countries, although there is an increasing interest in growing cane fruits in southern Europe, for example, in Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain. In many production areas, the fruit is grown for the fresh market, but in central Europe, for example, Poland, Hungary and Serbia, a high proportion of the crop is destined for processing. Major regions of production in North America include the Pacific North-West, California, Texas and Arkansas, as well as regions in New York, Michigan, Pennsylvania and Ohio. Chile,...

Keywords

Fruit Quality Fresh Market Black Raspberry Rubus Species Fruiting Cane 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Antonius-Klemola, K. (1999). Molecular markers in Rubus (Rosaceae) research and breeding. Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 74:149–160.Google Scholar
  2. Barry, N. (1995). Extending and consolidating the UK soft fruit season with French tunnels. In: Proceedings of the ADAS/HRI Soft Fruit Conference 1995 – New Developments in the Soft fruit Industry. Ashford, Kent. pp. 63–68.Google Scholar
  3. Birch, A.N.E. and Jones, A.T. (1988). Levels and components of resistance to Amphorophora idaei in raspberry cultivars containing different resistance genes. Annals of Applied Biology 113:567–578.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Birch, A.N.E., Fenton, B., Malloch, G., Jones, A.T., Phillips, M.S., Harrower, B.E., Woodford, J.A.T. and Catley, M.A. (1994). Ribosomal spacer variability in the large raspberry aphid, Amphorophora idaei (Aphidinae: Macrosiphini). Insect Molecular Biology 3:229–245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Birch, A.N.E., Jones, A.T., Fenton, B., Malloch, G., Geoghegan, I., Gordon, S.C., Hillier, J. and Begg, G. (2002). Resistance-breaking raspberry aphid biotypes: Constraints to sustainable control through plant breeding. Acta Horticulturae 587:315–317.Google Scholar
  6. Briggs, J.B. (1965). The distribution, abundance and genetic relationships of four strains of Rubus aphid (Amphorophora rubi) in relation to raspberry breeding. Journal of Horticultural Science 40:109–117.Google Scholar
  7. Briggs, J.B., Danek, J., Lyth, M. and Keep, E. (1982). Resistance to the raspberry beetle, Byturus tomentosus, in Rubus species and their hybrid derivatives with R. idaeus. Journal of Horticultural Science 57:73–78.Google Scholar
  8. Cormack, M.R. (1989). Growers and processors set to meet the challenge. Grower November 19.Google Scholar
  9. Dale, A., Moore, P.P., McNicol, R.J., Sjulin, T.M. and Burmistrov, L.A. (1993). Genetic diversity of red raspberry varieties throughout the world. Journal of the American Society of Horticultural Science 118:119–129.Google Scholar
  10. Dalman, P. (1991) The effect of new cultivation practices on the yield, cane growth and health status of red raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) in Finland. Annales Agriculturae Fenniae 30:421–439.Google Scholar
  11. Deighton, N., Brennan, R., Finn, C. and Davies, H.V. (2000). Antioxidant properties of domesticated and wild Rubus species. Journal Science and Food Agriculture 80:1307–1313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dirlewanger, E., Graziano, E., Joobeur, T., Garriga-Caldere, F., Cosson, P., Howad, W. and Aris, P. (2004). Comparative mapping and marker-assisted selection in Rosaceae fruit crops. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences USA 101:9891–9896.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Duncan, J.M., Kennedy, D.M. and Seemüller, E. (1987). Identities and pathogenicities of Phytophthora spp. causing root rot of red raspberry. Plant Pathology 36:276–289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gordon, S.C. and Williamson, B. (1988). Comparison of an air-assisted cross-flow sprayer with conventional hydraulic sprayer for the control of raspberry aphids by fenitrothion. Crop Protection 7:106–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gordon, S.C., Williamson, B. and Graham J. (2006) Current and Future Control Strategies for Major Arthropod Pests and Fungal Diseases of Red Raspberry (Rubus idaeus) in Europe. In: CROPS: Growth, Quality and Biotechnology ed. Dris WFL Publisher, Finland 925–950.Google Scholar
  16. Graham, J. and McNicol, R.J. (1995). An examination of the ability of RAPD markers to determine the relationships within and between Rubus species. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 90:1128–1132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Graham, J., Gordon, S.C. and Williamson, B. (1996). Progress towards the use of transgenic plants as an aid to control soft fruit pests and diseases. In: Proceedings of Brighton Crop Protection Conference-Pests & Diseases -1996. 3:777–781.Google Scholar
  18. Graham, J., Squire, G.R., Marshall, B. and Harrison, R.E. (1997). Spatially-dependent genetic diversity within and between colonies of wild raspberry Rubus idaeus detected using RAPD markers. Molecular Ecology 6:272–281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Graham, J., Smith, K., Woodhead, M. and Russell, J. (2002). Development and use of SSR markers in Rubus species. Molecular Ecology Notes 2:250–252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Graham, J. and Smith, K. (2002). DNA markers for use in raspberry breeding. ActaHorticulture 585:51–56Google Scholar
  21. Graham, J., Marshall, B. and Squire, G. (2003). Genetic differentiation over a spatial environmental gradient in wild Rubus idaeus populations. New Phytologist 157: 667–675.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Graham, J., Smith, K., MacKenzie, K., Jorgenson, L., Hackett, C. and Powell, W. (2004). The construction of a genetic linkage map of red raspberry (Rubus idaeus subsp. idaeus) based on AFLPs, genomic-SSR and EST-SSR markers. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 109:740–749.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Graham, J., Smith, K., Tierney, I., MacKenzie, K. and Hackett, C.A. (2006). Mapping gene H controlling cane pubescence in raspberry and its association with resistance to cane botrytis and spur blight, rust and cane spot. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 112:818–831.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hall, H.K., Stephens, M.J., Alspach, P., Stanley, C.J. and Kempler, C. (2002). Traits of importance for machine harvest of raspberries. Acta Hortculturae 585:607–610.Google Scholar
  25. Hansche, P.E. (1983). Response to selection. In: Moore, J.N. and Janick, J. (eds.), Methods in Fruit Breeding. Purdue University Press, Indiana. pp. 154–171.Google Scholar
  26. Harrison, R.E., Brennan, R.M., Hunter, E.A., Morel, S. and Muir, D.D. (1999). Genotypic, environmental and processing effects on the sensory character of Rubus and Ribes. Acta Horticulturae 505:25–32.Google Scholar
  27. Haskell, G. (1960). The raspberry wild in Britain. Watsonia 4:238–255.Google Scholar
  28. Hokanson, S.C. (2001). SNiPs, Chips, BACs and YACs: are small fruits part of the party mix? HortScience 36:859–871Google Scholar
  29. Hudson, J.P. (1959). Effects of environment on Rubus idaeus L. Morphology and development of the raspberry plant. Journal of Horticultural Science 34:163–169.Google Scholar
  30. Jennings, D.L. (1988). Raspberries and blackberries: their breeding, diseases and growth. London: Academic Press, 230 pp.Google Scholar
  31. Jennings, S.N. and Brennan R.M. (2002). Improvement of raspberry cultivars in Scotland. Acta Horticulturae 585:179–183.Google Scholar
  32. Jones, A.T., Gordon, S.C. and Jennings, D.L. (1984). A leaf-blotch disorder of tayberry associated with the leaf and bud mite (Phyllocoptes gracilis) and some effects of three aphid-borne viruses. Journal of Horticultural Science 59:523–528.Google Scholar
  33. Jones, A.T. (1986). Advances in the study, detection and control of viruses and virus diseases of Rubus, with particular reference to the United Kingdom. Crop Research 26:127–171.Google Scholar
  34. Jones, A.T. (1991). The raspberry certification program in the United Kingdom. In: Ellis, M.A., Converse, R.H., Williamson, R.N. and Williamson, B. (eds.), Compendium of raspberry and blackberry diseases and insects St. Paul, Minnesota: APS Press, pp. 89–90.Google Scholar
  35. Jones, A.T., McGavin, W.J. and Birch, A.N.E. (2002). Effectiveness of resistance genes to the large raspberry aphid, Amphorophora idaei Börner, in different raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) genotypes and under different environmental conditions. Annals of Applied Biology 136:147–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Keep, E., Knight, V.H. and Parker, J.H. (1977). Rubus coreanus as donor of resistance to cane diseases and mildew in red raspberry breeding. Euphytica 26:505–510.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Knight, R.L. and Keep, E. (1960). The genetics of suckering and tip rooting in the raspberry. In: “Report of East Malling Research Station for 1959”, UK. pp. 57–62Google Scholar
  38. Knight, V.H., Jennings, D.L. and McNicol R.J. (1989). Progress in the UK raspberry programme. Acta Horticulturae 262:93–103.Google Scholar
  39. Knight, V.H. (1991). Use of salmonberry, Rubus spectabilis Pursh., in red raspberry breeding. Journal of Horticultural Science 66:575–581.Google Scholar
  40. Larkin, P.J., Banks, P.M., Bhati, R., Brettell, R.I.S., Davies, P.A., Ryan, S.A., Scowcroft, W.R., Spindler, L.H. and Tanner, G.J. (1989). From somatic variation to variant plants: mechanisms and applications. Genome 31:705–711.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Marshall, B., Harrison, R.E., Graham, J., McNicol, J.W., Wright, G. and Squire, G.R. (2001). Spatial trends of phenotypic diversity between colonies of wild raspberry Rubus idaeus. New Phytologist 151:671–682.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Martin, R.R. (2002). Virus diseases of Rubus and strategies for their control. Acta Horticulturae 585:265–270.Google Scholar
  43. McNicol, R.J. and Graham, J. (1992). Temperate small fruit 12:303–321. In: Biotechnology of Perennial Fruit Crops eds. Hammerschlag and Litz.Google Scholar
  44. Meesters, P. and Pitsioudis, A. (1993). Jaarrondteelt herfstframboos onder verwarmd glas (deel 2). Fruitteelt 6:8–9.Google Scholar
  45. Meng, R. and Finn, C.E. (2002). Determining ploidy level and nuclear DNA content in Rubus by flow cytometry. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 127:223–227.Google Scholar
  46. Moyer, R.A., Hummer, K.E., Finn, C.E., Frei, B. and Wrolstad, R.E. (2002). Anthocyanins, phenolics,and antioxidant capacity in diverse small fruits: Vaccinium, Rubus, and Ribes. Journal of Agri Food Chem 50:519–525.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Puska, P., Vartiainen, E., Korhonen, H.J., Kartovaara, L., Berg, M-A., Pietinen, A., Nissinen, P. and Tuomilehto, J. (1990). The North Karelia Project: results of a major national demonstration project on CHD prevention in Finland since 1972. Atherosclerosis Rev 21:109–117.Google Scholar
  48. Roach, F.A. (1985). Cultivated Fruits of Britain: Their Origin and History. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  49. Robertson, K.R. (1974). The genera Rosaceae in the southeastern United States. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 55:352–360.Google Scholar
  50. Seemüller, E., Duncan, J.M., Kennedy, D.M. and Riedel, M. (1986). Phytophthora sp. als Ursache einer Wurzelfäule an Himbeere. Nachrichenblatt des Deutschen Pflanzenschutzdienstes 38:17–21.Google Scholar
  51. Skirvin, R.M., Motoike. S., Coyner, M. and Norton M.A. (2005). Rubus spp. Cane Fruit. In: Litz, R.E. (eds.), Biotechnology of Fruit and Nut Crops. CABI Publishing UK.Google Scholar
  52. Smith, V.V. (2003). The role of certification schemes in integrated crop management of soft fruit in Scotland. IOBC/wprs Bulletin 26:7–10.Google Scholar
  53. Sorum, O. and Stenseth, C. (1988). Bringebaermoll (Incurvaria rubiella). Gartneryrket 78:289.Google Scholar
  54. Stafne, E.T., Clark, J.R., Weber, C.A., Graham, J. and Lewers, K. (2005) Simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers for genetic mapping of raspberry and blackberry. Journal Amer Soc Horticultural Science 130:722–728Google Scholar
  55. Verlinden, A. (1995). De telt van bramen onder glas in containers-RILLAAR 1994. Fruitteelt Nieuws 8:22–23.Google Scholar
  56. Willmer, P.G., Hughes, J.P., Woodford, J.A.T. and Gordon, S.C. (1986). The effects of crop microclimate and associated physiological constraints on the seasonal and diurnal distribution patterns of raspberry beetle (Byturus tomentosus) on the host plant Rubus idaeus. Ecological Entomology 21:87–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Williamson, B. and Jennings, D.L. (1992). Resistance to cane and foliar diseases in red raspberry (Rubus idaeus) and related species. Euphytica 63:59–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Wilcox, W.F., Scott, P. H., Hamm, P.B., Kennedy, D.M., Duncan, J.M., Brasier, C.M. and Hansen, E.M. (1993). Identity of a Phytophthora species attacking raspberry inEurope and North America. Mycological Research 97:817–831.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Woodford, J.A.T. and Gordon, S.C. (1978). The history and distribution of raspberry cane midge (Resseliella theobaldi (Barnes) = Thomasiniana theobaldi Barnes), a new pest in Scotland. Horticultural Research 17:87–97.Google Scholar
  60. Woodford, J.A.T., Williamson, B. and Gordon, S.C. (2002). Raspberry beetle damage decreases shelf-life of raspberries also infected with Botrytis cinerea. Acta Horticulturae 585:423–427.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Scottish Crop Research InstituteInvergowrieUK

Personalised recommendations