Plum Breeding

  • Walter Hartmann
  • Michael Neumüller


Origin of European Plum

A wild type of Prunus domestica (European plum) and especially the typical form of this species, the prune, is unknown. Crane and Lawrence (1934) suggest that the hexaploid P. domestica is a hybrid of P. cerasifera (cherry plum, diploid) and P. spinosa (sloe, autopolyploid tetraploid). The blue fruit colour is coming from the sloe; the other colours are originating from the cherry plum. Rybin (1936) found spontaneous intraspecific hybrids in the Caucasian region. One of this natural hybrids had 2n = 48 chromosomes and was morphologically indistinguishable from the common plum. He crossed P. spinosa and P. cerasifera, and obtained seedlings regarded as re-synthesised P. domestica. Most of these plants were sterile and had no or only some fruits. However, one hybrid was highly fertile; this supported Crane’s assumption of the origin of P. domestica. A similar experiment was made by Endlich and Murawski (1962). The hybrid nature of P. domesticais...


Prunus Species Japanese Plum Plum Fruit Plum Variety Rootstock Breeding 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We are grateful to Mrs. Steffi Lanzl for her assistance in determining the chromosome set of interspecific plum hybrids and in observing the pollen tube growth.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Hohenheim1Institute of Special Crop Cultivation and Crop PhysiologyStuttgart 70599Germany
  2. 2.University of HohenheimInstitute of Special Crop Cultivation and Crop PhysiologyStuttgartGermany

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