Citrus Breeding

  • Fred G. Gmitter
  • Jaya R. Soneji
  • Madhugiri Nageswara Rao


With a total world production of 105.4 million tons, citrus is one of the world’s most important fruit crops (FAO 2006). Its importance to agriculture and the world’s economy is demonstrated by its wide distribution and large-scale production (Soost and Roose 1996). It is grown throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world where the winter temperatures are sufficiently moderate for tree survival and enough water is available for its growth (Gmitter et al. 1992). The best fruit quality is achieved under subtropical conditions. The most significant citrus-producing regions are in the Americas (Brazil, USA, Argentina, and Mexico primarily), the Mediterranean basin (Southern Europe, Southwest Asia, and North Africa), Asia (including China, India, and Japan) and South Africa. Citrus industries in many production areas generate substantial regional revenue. Brazil, USA, China, Mexico, and Spain are the five largest citrus producers in the world (Table 1, FAO 2006)...


Somatic Embryogenesis Zygotic Embryo Sweet Orange Triploid Hybrid Sexual Hybridization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fred G. Gmitter
    • 1
  • Jaya R. Soneji
    • 1
  • Madhugiri Nageswara Rao
    • 1
  1. 1.University of FloridaInstitute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Citrus Research and Education CenterLake AlfredUSA

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