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Apricot Breeding

  • Hannél Ham
Chapter

Introduction

Apricots are most popular temperate fruit trees (Faust et al. 1998; Layne et al. 1996), bearing delicious and multipurpose fruits. The fruit can be dried, canned, juiced, preserved (by salting or smoke), made into jam, and also used medicinally. Additionally, the seed of some cultivars are edible, tasting like almonds, while the tree can be used as an ornamental plant (Faust et al. 1998). Most apricot cultivars belong to the species Prunus armeniaca, which is endemic to China (Layne et al. 1996).

Mediterranean countries account for 95% of the total fresh apricot market, and the fruits are mainly imported and consumed by the European community (Mahanoglu et al. 1995; Faust et al. 1998; Ham and Smith 2006). Although apricots are geographically widespread, they have not become economically viable except in areas with very specific climatic conditions. Apricots grow best in mountainous regions with a hot, dry summer and uniform, cold winter (Layne et al. 1996; Ham and Smith 2001...

Keywords

Amplify Fragment Length Polymorphism Amplify Fragment Length Polymorphism Marker Cold Hardiness Single Sequence Repeat Apple Chlorotic Leaf Spot Virus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ARC Infruitec-Nietvoorbij, Private Bag X5026South Africa

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